Phalaris minor Retz.

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Common names:
Status: Native
A loosely tufted erect or ascending, hairless annual grass, up to c. 100 cm tall. Leaf-sheaths shorter than the internodes. Ligule 2-7.5 mm long, whitish. Leaves linear, 5-10 cm long, tapering to a fine point; margin scaberulous. Panicles 1-6 cm long, cylindrical to subglobose, rather dense and compact. Spikelets obliquely broad-elliptic in lateral view, 4-6.5 mm long. Glumes subequal, 4-6.5 mm long. Fertile lemma 2.7-4.0 mm long, dorsally pubescent. Anthers 1-1.5 mm. long.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In disturbed areas and as a weed in gardens or cultivated fields.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Apparently of Mediterranean origine but now a worldwide distribution.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 7 November 2019

Chapano, C. (2002). A checklist of Zimbabwean grasses Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 16. Pretoria. Page 3.

Fish, L., Mashau, A.C., Moeaha, M.J. & Nembudani, M.T. (2015). Identification Guide to Southern African Grasses Strelitzia 36 South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 566.

Launert, E. (1971). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(1) Pages 81 - 83. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 108.

Van Oudtshoorn, F.P. (1992). Grasses of South Africa Briza Publications, South Africa Page 100. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Phalaris minor:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phalaris minor
African Plant Database: Phalaris minor
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phalaris minor
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phalaris minor
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phalaris minor
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Phalaris minor
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phalaris minor
JSTOR Plant Science: Phalaris minor
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phalaris minor
Plants of the World Online: Phalaris minor
Tropicos: Phalaris minor
Wikipedia: Phalaris minor

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Phalaris minor., retrieved 8 December 2023

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