Polypogon monspeliensis (L.) Desf.

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Synonyms: Agrostis alopecuroides Lam.
Alopecurus monspeliensis L.
Phalaris cristata Forssk.
Phleum crinitum Schreb.
Phleum monspeliense (L.) Koel.
Polypogon flavescens J. S. Presl ex C. B. Presl
Polypogon monspeliensis var. capensis Steud.
Polypogon monspeliensis var. vulgaris Coss.
Polypogon polysetus Steud.
Santia monspeliensis (L.) Parl.
Santia plumosa Savi
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
A loosely caespitose rather variable annual. Culms 5-75(90) cm. tall, 2-6-noded, erect or ascending from a decumbent base, slender to somewhat stout, simple, glabrous, smooth or sometimes scaberulous towards the panicle. Leaf-sheaths longer (the lower) to shorter (the upper) than the internodes, usually loose, glabrous, smooth or scaberulous towards the mouth. Ligule 3-15 mm. long, oblong, often lacerate, dorsally asperulous. Leaf-laminae 2.5-15(20) x 0.2-0.9 cm., lanceolate-linear to linear, tapering to an acute point, usually expanded, flaccid to somewhat rigid, scaberulous along the nerves on both surfaces or smooth on the lower surface. Panicle 1.5-16 cm. long, very dense, spike-like, bristly, cylindrical or often lobed, compact, rarely interrupted, pale-green or yellowish, rarely brownish; branches obliquely ascending to almost appressed to the rhachis, divided from the base. Lateral pedicels rather short, disarticulating about the middle. Spikelets 2-3 mm. long (excluding the awn). Glumes 1-2 mm. long (excluding the awn), subequal, narrowly oblong, dorsally scabrous, with the obtuse apex minutely 2-lobed; awn 4-7.5 mm. long, scaberulous. Lemma c. 1/2 the length of the glumes (excluding the awn), broadly elliptic with the apex minutely dentate; awn (if present) 1.5-2.5 mm. long. Anthers c. 0.5 mm. long, oblong. Caryopsis c. 1 mm. long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In waste land, rubbish tips or in cultivated land, also in salt marshes; usually in damp soil
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Europe, the Mediterranean and in the temperate parts of Asia and Africa, introduced into most temperate and warm regions of the Globe, Botswana, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Launert, E. (1971). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(1) Pages 84 - 86. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 108.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 143.


Other sources of information about Polypogon monspeliensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Polypogon monspeliensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Polypogon monspeliensis
African Plant Database: Polypogon monspeliensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Polypogon monspeliensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Polypogon monspeliensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Polypogon monspeliensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Polypogon monspeliensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Polypogon monspeliensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Polypogon monspeliensis
iNaturalist: Polypogon monspeliensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Polypogon monspeliensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Polypogon monspeliensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Polypogon monspeliensis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Polypogon monspeliensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Polypogon monspeliensis
Plants of the World Online: Polypogon monspeliensis
Tropicos: Polypogon monspeliensis
Wikipedia: Polypogon monspeliensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Polypogon monspeliensis.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=103820, retrieved 23 October 2021

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