Enneapogon cenchroides (Licht. ex Roem. & Schult.) C.E. Hubb.

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Enneapogon cenchroides

Photo: Petra Ballings
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Tuli

Enneapogon cenchroides

Photo: Petra Ballings
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Tuli

Enneapogon cenchroides

Photo: Petra Ballings
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Tuli

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Synonyms: Enneapogon abyssinicus (Hochst.) Rendle
Enneapogon mollis Lehm.
Pappophorum abyssinicum Hochst.
Pappophorum cenchroides Licht.
Pappophorum molle (Lehm.) Kunth
Pappophorum robustum Hook. f.
Common names: Common nine-awned grass (English) Eenjarige negenaaldgras (Afrikaans)
Status: Native
A loosely caespitose annual or rarely shortly lived perennial, densely glandular-pubescent all over. Culms 15-100 cm. tall, 2-5-noded, rather stout, geniculately ascending, seldom erect, sometimes decumbent, simple or branched below. Leaf-sheaths relatively tight, usually slightly shorter than the internodes, striate, smooth or somewhat asperulous towards the mouth. Leaf-laminae 3-25 x (0.1)0.3-0.7(1) cm., linear to lanceolate-linear, long-tapering to a fine point, expanded or convolute (often only towards the apex), rigid to subflaccid, scaberulous on the upper surface and along the margins. Panicle 3-15(20) cm. long, spike-like, usually dense and contracted, rarely somewhat open below, compact, rarely interrupted. Spikelets 3-5 mm. long, usually crowded, 3-flowered. Glumes slightly unequal, light to dark grey or grey-green; the inferior 2.8-4(5.1) mm. long, 5-7-nerved, ovate; the superior 3.2-5.5(6.8) mm. long, 3-nerved, oblong, often with the apex somewhat truncate. Fertile lemma (the inferior) 1.5-2 mm. long (excluding the awn), dorsally shortly villous; awns 3-4.25 mm. long, plumose up to or beyond the middle. Palea 2-2.25 mm. long, with the keels ciliolate. Anthers 0.8-1.8(2.3) mm. long.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Widely distributed in woodland, open grassland, cultivated and disturbed areas, in dried up streams etc., usually on poor sandy soil, often on rocky hillsides
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Ascension Islands, Botswana, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, south-western Africa, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Arabia to India
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 16 November 2013

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 15.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 506. (Includes a picture).

Isaiah, A.M. & Komi, T. (2015). Grasses in the Botswana National Botanic Garden South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 16. (Includes a picture).

Launert, E. (1971). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(1) Pages 146 - 148. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 103.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 94 - 95. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 136.

Other sources of information about Enneapogon cenchroides:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Enneapogon cenchroides
Flora of Caprivi: Enneapogon cenchroides
Flora of Mozambique: Enneapogon cenchroides
Flora of Zambia: Enneapogon cenchroides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Enneapogon cenchroides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Enneapogon cenchroides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Enneapogon cenchroides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Enneapogon cenchroides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Enneapogon cenchroides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Enneapogon cenchroides
JSTOR Plant Science: Enneapogon cenchroides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Enneapogon cenchroides
Plants of the World Online: Enneapogon cenchroides
Tropicos: Enneapogon cenchroides
Wikipedia: Enneapogon cenchroides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Enneapogon cenchroides.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=104420, retrieved 30 May 2024

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