Bewsia biflora (Hack.) Gooss.

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Synonyms: Diplachne biflora Hack.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Caespitose perennial arising from a short rhizome; culms up to 100 cm tall, erect; leaf laminas firm, 10–40 cm × 1–5 mm, tapering to a filiform apex.Inflorescence 7–20 cm long, comprising 6–15 racemes each 3–9 cm long.Spikelets 5.5–9 mm long, oblong, reddish-brown; glumes 2.5–8 mm long, lanceolate, glabrous, the superior as long as the lowermost lemma; lemmas 4–6 mm long, oblong-elliptic, pubescent on either side of the mid-nerve and on the lateral nerves below; awn 1–8 mm long, straight, usually arising 1/3 the length of the lemma from its apex (but varying from 1/5 to 1/2); palea as long as the lemma, sparsely hispidulous on the back, shortly villous on the flanks.Caryopsis c. 2 mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: biflora: 2-flowered
Habitat: Short grassland, usually in open woodland, on sandy soils and Kalahari Sand; also on hillsides and in submontane grassland
Altitude range: (metres) 300 - 1830 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Ivory Coast, Tanzania southwards to South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 341. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 9.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 36 - 37. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 30.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 100.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 131.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.


Other sources of information about Bewsia biflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Bewsia biflora
Flora of Malawi: Bewsia biflora
Flora of Mozambique: Bewsia biflora
Flora of Zambia: Bewsia biflora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bewsia biflora
African Plant Database: Bewsia biflora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bewsia biflora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bewsia biflora
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Bewsia biflora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Bewsia biflora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bewsia biflora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Bewsia biflora
iNaturalist: Bewsia biflora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bewsia biflora
JSTOR Plant Science: Bewsia biflora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Bewsia biflora
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Bewsia biflora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bewsia biflora
Plants of the World Online: Bewsia biflora
Tropicos: Bewsia biflora
Wikipedia: Bewsia biflora


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Bewsia biflora.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=104560, retrieved 30 November 2020

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