Eragrostis echinochloidea Stapf

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Synonyms: Eragrostis auriculata Hack.
Eragrostis obtusa sensu T. Durand & Schinz, non Munro ex Ficalho & Hiern
Common names: Bosluisgras (Afrikaans) Krummelgras (Afrikaans) Tick grass (English)
Caespitose perennial with short oblique rhizome; culms up to 60(85) cm tall, erect or ascending, usually unbranched but sometimes branched below, glabrous at the nodes, often with an annular gland below the nodes; basal leaf sheaths glabrous or thinly pilose, chartaceous, terete, with scattered glandular pits, persistent; ligule a line of hairs; leaf laminas (2.5)5–15(20) cm × (1)2–5 mm, linear, flat or involute, glabrous or scattered-pilose (the upper surface also asperulous), with or without glandular pits in the nerves beneath.Panicle 4–19 cm long, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, the spikelets densely clustered on very short pedicels on stubby side branches, the primary branches not in whorls, terminating in a fertile spikelet, glabrous in the axils, the rhachis with an annular gland beneath each branch and the branches with crateriform glands.Spikelets 3–4 × 2.5–3 mm, ovate to oblong-ovate, strongly laterally compressed, 6–12(14)-flowered, the florets disarticulating from the apex downwards, the rhachilla fragile; glumes subequal, 1.5–2 mm long, reaching to and sometimes exceeding the apex of the adjacent lemmas, keeled, lanceolate in profile, glabrous on the flanks, gland-dotted on the nerves, acuminate at the apex; lemmas c. 2 mm long, keeled, ovate in profile, membranous with prominent lateral nerves, diverging from the rhachilla at a wide angle but those in opposite rows imbricate and concealing the rhachilla, greyish-green, sometimes tinged with purple, glabrous on the flanks, gland-dotted on the keel and lateral nerves, subacute at the apex; palea glabrous on the flanks, the keels slender, scabrid above, broadly winged in the lower half, the upper margin of the wing sometimes truncate but usually concave (the wing thus auriculate); anthers 3, c. 0.6 mm long.Caryopsis c. 1 mm long, elliptic to oblong-elliptic.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Hot dry country in short grassland, wooded grassland and sandveld, usually on Kalahari Sand and in calcareous pans; also in disturbed ground at roadsides
Altitude range: (metres) 850 - 1000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Page 94. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 493. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 104.

Poilecot, P. (2007). Eragrostis species of Zimbabwe Éditions Quae,Versailles, France Pages 106 - 107. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 110 - 111. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 136.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 189.

Other sources of information about Eragrostis echinochloidea:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Eragrostis echinochloidea
Flora of Caprivi: Eragrostis echinochloidea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eragrostis echinochloidea
African Plant Database: Eragrostis echinochloidea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eragrostis echinochloidea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eragrostis echinochloidea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eragrostis echinochloidea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eragrostis echinochloidea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eragrostis echinochloidea
JSTOR Plant Science: Eragrostis echinochloidea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eragrostis echinochloidea
Plants of the World Online: Eragrostis echinochloidea
Tropicos: Eragrostis echinochloidea
Wikipedia: Eragrostis echinochloidea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eragrostis echinochloidea., retrieved 9 December 2023

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