Eragrostis phyllacantha Cope

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Common names:
Stiff wiry caespitose annual or short-lived perennial; culms up to 25 cm tall, erect, branched below, glabrous at the nodes, eglandular; leaf sheaths papillose-hirsute, eglandular; ligule a line of hairs; leaf laminas 1–3.5 cm × 1–1.5 mm, linear, stiff and pungent, usually involute, papillose-hirsute below, eglandular.Panicle 3.5–5 cm long, ovate, open with stiff branches, the spikelets evenly distributed on pedicels 0.8–1.5 mm long, the primary branches not in whorls, terminating in a fertile spikelet, shortly pilose in the axils, with shallowly depressed glands at the midpoint of the pedicels and occasional on the branches and branchlets.Spikelets 3–4 × c. 1 mm, narrowly oblong, laterally compressed, 5–6-flowered, the lemmas disarticulating from below upwards, the rhachilla persistent below but fragile above; glumes subequal, 1.3–1.5 mm long, reaching to between 1/2 and 3/4 the way along the adjacent lemmas, keeled, lanceolate in profile, glabrous, acute at the apex; lemmas 1.5–1.7 mm long, keeled, elliptic in profile, membranous with distinct lateral nerves, appressed to the rhachilla, those in opposite rows scarcely imbricate, the rhachilla ± visible between them, greyish-green, scaberulous on the nerves and flanks, subacute at the apex; palea persistent, glabrous on the flanks, the keels slender, wingless, faintly scaberulous; anthers 3, 0.6–0.8 mm long.Caryopsis c. 0.7 mm long, broadly elliptic.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Open grassland and sandveld, in sandy soils and in areas with limestone outcrops
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 1400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Known only from Botswana and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Page 139.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 104.

Poilecot, P. (2007). Eragrostis species of Zimbabwe Éditions Quae,Versailles, France Pages 190 - 191. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 137.

Other sources of information about Eragrostis phyllacantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Eragrostis phyllacantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eragrostis phyllacantha
African Plant Database: Eragrostis phyllacantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eragrostis phyllacantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eragrostis phyllacantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eragrostis phyllacantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eragrostis phyllacantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eragrostis phyllacantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Eragrostis phyllacantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eragrostis phyllacantha
Plants of the World Online: Eragrostis phyllacantha
Tropicos: Eragrostis phyllacantha
Wikipedia: Eragrostis phyllacantha

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eragrostis phyllacantha., retrieved 14 April 2024

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