Eragrostis planiculmis Nees

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Synonyms: Eragrostis nebulosa Stapf
Common names:
Caespitose perennial without rhizomes or stolons; culms up to 120 cm tall, erect, unbranched, glabrous at the nodes, eglandular; basal leaf sheaths glabrous, chartaceous, suffused with red (the inner ones usually yellow), compressed and keeled, eglandular, persistent; ligule a line of hairs; leaf laminas 10–90 cm long, c. 1.5 mm in diameter, tightly involute and setaceous, glabrous, eglandular.Panicle 10–70 cm long, narrowly elliptic-ovate to linear-lanceolate, loose and ± open, the spikelets loosely condensed about the branchlets on pedicels 5–8 mm long, the primary branches 1–6 at a node but not obviously whorled, terminating in a fertile spikelet, glabrous in the axils, eglandular.Spikelets 4.5–8 × 1–1.5 mm, linear, lightly laterally compressed, 5–11-flowered, the florets disarticulating from below upwards, the rhachilla tough; glumes subequal, 1.3–2.5 mm long, reaching to between 1/3 and 3/4 the way along the adjacent lemmas, dorsally rounded, lanceolate, smooth or scaberulous on the nerve, obtuse at the apex; lemmas 2–2.2 mm long, dorsally rounded or keeled only in the upper part, semi-ovate in profile (with straight keel and gibbous margins), membranous with obscure lateral nerves, slightly diverging from the rhachilla, those in opposite rows not imbricate, the rhachilla visible between them, dark green to greyish-green or leaden, smooth or scaberulous on the midnerve and flanks above, obtuse at the apex; palea deciduous soon after the lemma, glabrous on the flanks, the keels slender, wingless, smooth and glabrous; anthers 3, 0.6–1.2 mm long.Caryopsis 0.9–1.1 mm long, oblong.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Dambo grassland and in cultivated ground
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1520 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Lesotho, South Africa, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 15.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 80 - 81.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 104.

Poilecot, P. (2007). Eragrostis species of Zimbabwe Éditions Quae,Versailles, France Pages 82 - 83. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eragrostis planiculmis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Eragrostis planiculmis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eragrostis planiculmis
African Plant Database: Eragrostis planiculmis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eragrostis planiculmis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eragrostis planiculmis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eragrostis planiculmis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eragrostis planiculmis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eragrostis planiculmis
JSTOR Plant Science: Eragrostis planiculmis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eragrostis planiculmis
Plants of the World Online: Eragrostis planiculmis
Tropicos: Eragrostis planiculmis
Wikipedia: Eragrostis planiculmis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eragrostis planiculmis., retrieved 13 April 2024

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