Eragrostis sclerantha Nees
subsp. sclerantha

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Densely caespitose perennial without rhizomes or stolons; culms rarely more than 30 cm tall, erect, slightly swollen at the base, unbranched, glabrous at the nodes, eglandular; basal leaf sheaths woolly-tomentose below with off-white or yellowish hairs, chartaceous with somewhat indurated nerves, laterally compressed, eglandular, usually decaying into coarse yellow fibres; ligule a line of hairs; leaf laminas 15–25 cm × 2–6 mm, linear, flat or involute, glabrous or faintly scaberulous, eglandular. Panicle less than 15 cm long, ovate, open, the with the spikelets spreading on the spreading branches, the primary branches not in whorls, terminating in a fertile spikelet, glabrous in the axils (but the axis and branches pubescent to puberulous), eglandular.Spikelets 2–9 × 1.5–2 mm, elliptic to oblong, laterally compressed, 6–20-flowered, the lemmas disarticulating from below upwards, the rhachilla persistent; glumes subequal, 0.8–1.5 mm long, reaching to about the middle of the adjacent lemmas, keeled, lanceolate in profile, asperulous on the keel, otherwise glabrous, subacute at the apex; lemmas 1.6–2 mm long, keeled, ovate in profile, cartilaginous with indistinct lateral nerves, diverging from the rhachilla at 45°, those in opposite rows imbricate and concealing the rhachilla, olive-green, glabrous, subacute at the apex; palea persistent, glabrous on the flanks, the keels slender, wingless, scaberulous; anthers 3, 0.7–1 mm long.Caryopsis c. 0.6 mm long, elliptic.
Notes: Culms rarely more than 30 cm tall; panicle ovate, less than 15 cm long, with the spikelets spreading on the spreading branches.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Montane grassland
Altitude range: (metres) 1800 - 2000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, South Africa, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 128 - 129. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 104.

Poilecot, P. (2007). Eragrostis species of Zimbabwe Éditions Quae,Versailles, France Pages 166 - 167. (Includes a picture).


Other sources of information about Eragrostis sclerantha subsp. sclerantha:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eragrostis sclerantha
African Plant Database: Eragrostis sclerantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eragrostis sclerantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eragrostis sclerantha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eragrostis sclerantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eragrostis sclerantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eragrostis sclerantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Eragrostis sclerantha
iNaturalist: Eragrostis sclerantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eragrostis sclerantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Eragrostis sclerantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eragrostis sclerantha
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Eragrostis sclerantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eragrostis sclerantha
Plants of the World Online: Eragrostis sclerantha
Tropicos: Eragrostis sclerantha
Wikipedia: Eragrostis sclerantha


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eragrostis sclerantha subsp. sclerantha.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105190, retrieved 19 September 2021

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