Sporobolus pyramidalis P. Beauv.

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Sporobolus pyramidalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Sporobolus pyramidalis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

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Common names: Catstail dropseed (English) Katstert-fynsaadgras (Afrikaans) Narrow-plumed dropseed (English) Taaipol (Afrikaans) Vleigras (Afrikaans)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Coarse tufted perennial grass with a strong root-system and unbranched culms, up to 1.5 m. Inflorescence an open panicle of pyramidal shape; inflorescence branches not whorled. Spikelets very small, grey to purple.
Derivation of specific name: pyramidalis: pyramidal (referring to the inflorescence)
Habitat: Widespread in disturbed soil and as a weed of cultivated areas, particularly in damp places.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2300 m
Flowering time:Nov - May
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, also in South Africa, Yemen, Madagascar and Mauritius and introduced elsewhere (e.g. South America)
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 365.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 52.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 34.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 184 - 186. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 501. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 61.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 110.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 196 - 197. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 146.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 192.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 86.

Other sources of information about Sporobolus pyramidalis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Sporobolus pyramidalis
Flora of Caprivi: Sporobolus pyramidalis
Flora of Malawi: Sporobolus pyramidalis
Flora of Mozambique: Sporobolus pyramidalis
Flora of Zambia: Sporobolus pyramidalis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sporobolus pyramidalis
African Plant Database: Sporobolus pyramidalis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sporobolus pyramidalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sporobolus pyramidalis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sporobolus pyramidalis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sporobolus pyramidalis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sporobolus pyramidalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sporobolus pyramidalis
iNaturalist: Sporobolus pyramidalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sporobolus pyramidalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Sporobolus pyramidalis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sporobolus pyramidalis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Sporobolus pyramidalis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sporobolus pyramidalis
Plants of the World Online: Sporobolus pyramidalis
Tropicos: Sporobolus pyramidalis
Wikipedia: Sporobolus pyramidalis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sporobolus pyramidalis.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105570, retrieved 28 February 2021

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