Chloris mossambicensis K. Schum.

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Synonyms: Tetrapogon mossambicensis (K. Schum.) Chippind. ex B.S. Fisher
Common names:
Shortly rhizomatous or stoloniferous caespitose perennial up to 80 cm tall, erect or ascending; lower leaf sheaths strongly keeled and flabellate; leaf laminas (6)10–20 cm × 1–3 mm, flat or folded, obtuse at the apex, sometimes narrowly so.Inflorescence of 2–6 digitate racemes 3–9 cm long.Spikelets 2(3)-flowered, 2-awned; inferior glume 1.8–2.5 mm long; superior glume 2.8–4 mm long; floret callus pungent; fertile lemma 3–3.8 mm long, obovate-oblanceolate in profile, ciliate towards the apex on the margins and keel, glabrous on the flanks, the awn 5–9 mm long; 2nd lemma clavate, glabrous, 1.2–3 mm long, with an awn 3–8 mm long, usually sterile but occasionally male or fertile and with a palea; 3rd lemma, when present, a small awnless clavate scale.
Derivation of specific name: mossambicensis: of Mozambique
Habitat: Locally abundant at low altitudes in mopane woodlands on margins of floodplain grassland and river bank alluvium, often on termitaria
Altitude range: (metres) 20 - 800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Somalia, South Africa, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
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Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 210 - 212. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Other sources of information about Chloris mossambicensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Chloris mossambicensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Chloris mossambicensis
African Plant Database: Chloris mossambicensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Chloris mossambicensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Chloris mossambicensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Chloris mossambicensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Chloris mossambicensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Chloris mossambicensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Chloris mossambicensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Chloris mossambicensis
Plants of the World Online: Chloris mossambicensis
Tropicos: Chloris mossambicensis
Wikipedia: Chloris mossambicensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Chloris mossambicensis., retrieved 19 April 2024

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