Echinochloa colona (L.) Link

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (4)

Echinochloa colona

Photo: Petra Ballings
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Tuli

Echinochloa colona

Photo: Petra Ballings
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Tuli

Echinochloa colona

Photo: Petra Ballings
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Tuli

Echinochloa colona

Photo: Petra Ballings
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Tuli

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Brachiaria longifolia Gilli
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. colona (L.) Honda
Echinochloa divaricata Anderss.
Echinochloa subverticillata Pilger
Panicum colonum L.
Panicum echinochloa Th. Dur. & Schinz
Common names: Jungle rice (English) Watergras (Afrikaans)
Status: Native
Annual grass with erect or ascending culms 10–150 cm high; ligule absent. Inflorescence typically linear, up to 20 cm long; racemes up to 5 cm long, neatly 4-rowed, simple, commonly c. 1/2 their length apart and appressed to the axis but sometimes subverticillate and spreading, rarely congested. Spikelets subglobose to ovate-elliptic, 1.5–3.5 mm long, softly to harshly hairy, often purple tinged. Inferior floret male or infertile, lemma acute. Superior lemma 2–3 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: colona: "of the farmers". It has sometimes been spelled as colonum.
Habitat: In muddy or swampy places, often weedy.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout the tropics and subtropics.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 2 August 2019

Chapano, C. (2002). A checklist of Zimbabwean grasses Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 16. Pretoria. Page 10.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 23.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 53 - 55. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 133.

Fish, L., Mashau, A.C., Moeaha, M.J. & Nembudani, M.T. (2015). Identification Guide to Southern African Grasses Strelitzia 36 South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 239.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 435. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 36.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 103.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 129.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 88 - 89. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 135.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 146.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 188.

Van Oudtshoorn, F.P. (1992). Grasses of South Africa Briza Publications, South Africa Page 207. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Echinochloa colona:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Echinochloa colona
Flora of Caprivi: Echinochloa colona
Flora of Malawi: Echinochloa colona
Flora of Mozambique: Echinochloa colona
Flora of Zambia: Echinochloa colona

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Echinochloa colona
African Plant Database: Echinochloa colona
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Echinochloa colona
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Echinochloa colona
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Echinochloa colona
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Echinochloa colona
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Echinochloa colona
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Echinochloa colona
iNaturalist: Echinochloa colona
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Echinochloa colona
JSTOR Plant Science: Echinochloa colona
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Echinochloa colona
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Echinochloa colona
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Echinochloa colona
Plants of the World Online: Echinochloa colona
Tropicos: Echinochloa colona
Wikipedia: Echinochloa colona

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Echinochloa colona., retrieved 24 October 2020

Site software last modified: 26 March 2018 2:01pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use