G.476. Echinochloa P. Beauv.

Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Leaves: ligule present or 0. Inflorescence of racemes along a central axis; spikelets paired or in short secondary racemes, typically densely packed in 4 rows. Spikelets narrowly elliptic to suborbicular, flat on one side, gibbous on the other, often hispidulous, sometimes stipitate; apex usually cuspidate or awned; lower glume c. 1/3, the upper as long as, the spikelet, both acute or acuminate; lower lemma often stiffly awned; upper crustaceous with an incurved beak at apex; apex of upper palea briefly reflexed and slightly protruding from the lemma.

Worldwide: c. 35 species in warm and tropical regions

Zimbabwe: 9 taxa.

Echinochloa colona

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
colona (L.) LinkN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
frumentacea LinkW,C,E,SDescription
haploclada (Stapf) StapfN,W,SDescription
jubata StapfN,W,C,SDescription
oryzoides (Ard.) FritschWDescription
pyramidalis (Lam.) Hitchc. & ChaseN,W,C,SDescription, Image
stagnina (Retz.) P. Beauv.N,W,C,SDescription
ugandensis Snowden & C.E. Hubb.N,C,E,SDescription, Image
utilis Ohwi & YabunoNDescription

Other sources of information about Echinochloa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Echinochloa
Flora of Caprivi: Echinochloa
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Echinochloa
Flora of Malawi: Echinochloa
Flora of Mozambique: Echinochloa
Flora of Zambia: Echinochloa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Echinochloa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Echinochloa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Echinochloa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Echinochloa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Echinochloa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Echinochloa
JSTOR Plant Science: Echinochloa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Echinochloa
Plants of the World Online: Echinochloa
Tropicos: Echinochloa
Wikipedia: Echinochloa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Echinochloa.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=194, retrieved 21 May 2024

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