Brachiaria dictyoneura (Fig. & De Not.) Stapf

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Synonyms: Brachiaria humidicola (Rendle) Schweick.
Panicum dictyoneurum Fig. & De Not.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Densely tufted perennial. Culms 40–120 cm. high, never rooting at the nodes. Leaf laminae 3–15(30) mm. wide, linear to lanceolate. Inflorescence of 3–8(12) racemes, these 1–8 cm. long, bearing spikelets singly on a triquetrous rhachis. Spikelets as for B. humidicola.
Notes: B. dictyoneura was formerly treated as a separate species to B. humidicola. We have followed Sosef (2016) in combining the two taxa under B. dictyoneura.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Savanna woodland and dambo margins
Altitude range: (metres) 1500 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: S. Africa, from Ethiopia and Sudan to Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Malawi
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 10. As Brachiaria humidicola

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6. As Brachiaria humidicola

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 66 - 68. As Brachiaria humidicola

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 68. As Brachiaria dictyoneura

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 433. As Brachiaria humidicola (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 31. As Brachiaria humidicola

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101. As Brachiaria humidicola

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 132. As Brachiaria humidicola

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 132. As Brachiaria dictyoneura

Sosef, M.S.M. (2016). Taxonomic novelties in Central African grasses (Poaceae), Paniceae 1 Plant Ecology and Evolution 149(3) Page 359.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 187. As Brachiaria humidicola


Other sources of information about Brachiaria dictyoneura:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Brachiaria dictyoneura
Flora of Caprivi: Brachiaria dictyoneura
Flora of Malawi: Brachiaria dictyoneura
Flora of Mozambique: Brachiaria dictyoneura
Flora of Zambia: Brachiaria dictyoneura

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachiaria dictyoneura
African Plant Database: Brachiaria dictyoneura
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachiaria dictyoneura
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachiaria dictyoneura
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Brachiaria dictyoneura
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Brachiaria dictyoneura
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachiaria dictyoneura
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Brachiaria dictyoneura
iNaturalist: Brachiaria dictyoneura
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachiaria dictyoneura
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachiaria dictyoneura
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Brachiaria dictyoneura
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Brachiaria dictyoneura
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachiaria dictyoneura
Plants of the World Online: Brachiaria dictyoneura
Tropicos: Brachiaria dictyoneura
Wikipedia: Brachiaria dictyoneura


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Brachiaria dictyoneura.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=106850, retrieved 25 November 2020

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