G.487. Urochloa P. Beauv.

Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Leaves: lamina linear or lanceolate; ligule a line of hairs. Inflorescence of racemes borne upon a short common axis; spikelets single and abaxial or paired. Spikelets lanceolate to ovate, plano-convex, cuspidate to acuminate; lower glume mostly shorter than spikelet; upper glume as long as spikelet, usually membranous; lower floret male or sterile, lower lemma resembling upper glume; upper lemma obtuse, mucronate.

Derivation of name: from Greek: ouro meaning a tail; chloa meaning grass, possibly referring to the mucronate upper lemma

Worldwide: 110 species in the Old World tropics

Zimbabwe: 4 taxa.

Urochloa trichopus

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
brachyura (Hack.) StapfW,C,SDescription
oligotricha (Fig. & De Not.) HenrardN,W,C,E,SDescription
panicoides P. Beauv.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
trichopus (Hochst.) StapfN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Urochloa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Urochloa
Flora of Caprivi: Urochloa
Flora of Malawi: Urochloa
Flora of Mozambique: Urochloa
Flora of Zambia: Urochloa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Urochloa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Urochloa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Urochloa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Urochloa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Urochloa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Urochloa
JSTOR Plant Science: Urochloa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Urochloa
Plants of the World Online: Urochloa
Tropicos: Urochloa
Wikipedia: Urochloa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Urochloa.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=198, retrieved 9 December 2023

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