Brachiaria scalaris Pilg.

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Synonyms: Brachiaria heterocraspeda (Peter) Pilger
Brachiaria pilgeriana Scholz
Panicum heterocraspedum Peter
Panicum scalare Mez
Common names:
Annual. Culms 10–60 cm. high, decumbent or ascending. Inflorescence of 3–20 racemes, these 0.5–3 cm. long, subsecund, bearing single or paired spikelets in 1–2 irregular rows on a triquetrous rhachis, sometimes with a few short branchlets at base of longer racemes. Spikelets 1.5–2 mm. long, glabrous or pubescent, obtuse or acute. Inferior glume 1/3 length of spikelet. Superior lemma granulose to striate, acute.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Roadsides and weedy places
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe northwards to DRC and Ethiopia
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 341.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 10.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 75.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 32.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 145.

Other sources of information about Brachiaria scalaris:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Brachiaria scalaris
Flora of Zambia: Brachiaria scalaris

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachiaria scalaris
African Plant Database: Brachiaria scalaris
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachiaria scalaris
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachiaria scalaris
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachiaria scalaris
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Brachiaria scalaris
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachiaria scalaris
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachiaria scalaris
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachiaria scalaris
Plants of the World Online: Brachiaria scalaris
Tropicos: Brachiaria scalaris
Wikipedia: Brachiaria scalaris

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Brachiaria scalaris., retrieved 19 April 2024

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