Brachiaria xantholeuca (Schinz) Stapf

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Brachiaria xantholeuca

Photo: Petra Ballings
Maleme Dam Rest Camp, Matobo National Park

Brachiaria xantholeuca

Photo: Petra Ballings
Maleme Dam Rest Camp, Matobo National Park

Brachiaria xantholeuca

Photo: Petra Ballings
Maleme Dam Rest Camp, Matobo National Park

Brachiaria xantholeuca

Photo: Petra Ballings
Maleme Dam Rest Camp, Matobo National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Panicum xantholeucum Schinz
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Tufted annual grass with culms 10–60 cm high. Leaves velvety pubescent. Inflorescence of 2–8 racemes, 1–7 cm long, bearing single spikelets in 2 neat rows on a 3-sided rhachis (rarely spikelets paired at base of longer racemes). Spikelets 2.7–4 mm long, hispidulous, borne on a stipe c. 0.5 mm long. Inferior glume 1/3–1/2 length of spikelet. Superior lemma with a rough surface.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In mopane woodland, usually in disturbed or overgrazed places.
Altitude range: (metres) 300 - 1300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 16 November 2013
Literature:

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 76.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 132.


Other sources of information about Brachiaria xantholeuca:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Brachiaria xantholeuca
Flora of Caprivi: Brachiaria xantholeuca
Flora of Mozambique: Brachiaria xantholeuca
Flora of Zambia: Brachiaria xantholeuca

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachiaria xantholeuca
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachiaria xantholeuca
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachiaria xantholeuca
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Brachiaria xantholeuca
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Brachiaria xantholeuca
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachiaria xantholeuca
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Brachiaria xantholeuca
iNaturalist: Brachiaria xantholeuca
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachiaria xantholeuca
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachiaria xantholeuca
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Brachiaria xantholeuca
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Brachiaria xantholeuca
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachiaria xantholeuca
Plants of the World Online: Brachiaria xantholeuca
The Plant List (version 1.1): Brachiaria xantholeuca
Tropicos: Brachiaria xantholeuca
Wikipedia: Brachiaria xantholeuca


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Brachiaria xantholeuca.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=106970, retrieved 15 September 2019

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