Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.

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Synonyms: Panicum italicum L.
Common names: Foxtail bristle-grass (English) Foxtail millet (English) Italian millet (English)
Status: Introduced and cultivated, rarely escaping.
Stout annual. Culms to 150 cm. Panicle 5-30 cm, spike-like, very dense, sometimes ± lobed; bristles up to 1 cm, in groups of 2-5. Spikelets 2-3 mm, not deciduous as a whole; upper glume 2/3 to 3/4 length of spikelet; upper lemma smooth or minutely rugose.
Derivation of specific name: italica: of Italy
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Cultivated worldwide as a cereal crop or for birdseed; occasionally grown in Zimbabwe, Malawi and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 95.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 58.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 71.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 109.

Other sources of information about Setaria italica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Setaria italica
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Setaria italica
Flora of Mozambique: Setaria italica
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Setaria italica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Setaria italica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Setaria italica
African Plant Database: Setaria italica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Setaria italica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Setaria italica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Setaria italica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Setaria italica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Setaria italica
JSTOR Plant Science: Setaria italica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Setaria italica
Plants of the World Online: Setaria italica
Tropicos: Setaria italica
Wikipedia: Setaria italica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Setaria italica., retrieved 16 June 2024

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