Hyparrhenia finitima (Hochst.) Andersson ex Stapf

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Synonyms: Andropogon finitimus Hochst.
Cymbopogon finitimus (Hochst.) Thomson
Hyparrhenia gazensis sensu Jackson & Wiehe, non (Rendle) Stapf.
Hyparrhenia hirta var. garambensis Troupin
Hyparrhenia rhodesica Stent & J.M. Rattray
Sorghum finitimum (Hochst.) Kuntze
Common names:
Status: Native
Caespitose perennial; culms up to 200 cm high and up to 6 mm in diameter, robust, erect. Leaf sheaths at the base of the plant pubescent to hirsute along the margins and sometimes also on the back; leaf laminas up to 60 cm × 8 mm. False panicle up to 60 cm long, copiously branched and usually rather dense; spatheoles 2.5–4 cm long, narrowly lanceolate, enclosing the racemes; peduncles 1/3–2/3 the length of the spatheoles, pilose above with white hairs; racemes 1–1.5 cm long, 2–6-awned per pair, yellowish, laterally exserted, not deflexed; raceme-bases unequal, the superior 1.5–2.5 mm long, terete, softly hirtellous to pilose with white tubercle-based hairs, glabrous at the foot, the articulation with the peduncle glabrous. Homogamous spikelets 6–8 mm long, narrowly lanceolate, a single pair at the base of the inferior or both racemes. Sessile spikelet 5.5–6 mm long; callus 1–2 mm long, linear, acute to very narrowly truncate at the apex; inferior glume yellowish, narrowly lanceolate, glabrous to hispidulous with short white hairs; awn 2.5–4 cm long, the column fulvously puberulous. Pedicelled spikelets 5–6 mm long, narrowly lanceolate, glabrous or rarely hispidulous, terminating in an awnlet 2–5 mm long; callus absent; pedicel-tooth up to 0.2 mm long, subulate.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Growing in deciduous bushland and wooded grassland, or on disturbed soils in farmland and along roadsides
Altitude range: (metres) 600 - 1370 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Sierra Leone and Ethiopia southwards to South Africa, but mainly in the southern part of the range, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 32.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Page 107.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 44.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 105.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 148.

Other sources of information about Hyparrhenia finitima:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Hyparrhenia finitima
Flora of Malawi: Hyparrhenia finitima
Flora of Mozambique: Hyparrhenia finitima
Flora of Zambia: Hyparrhenia finitima

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hyparrhenia finitima
African Plant Database: Hyparrhenia finitima
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hyparrhenia finitima
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hyparrhenia finitima
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hyparrhenia finitima
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Hyparrhenia finitima
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hyparrhenia finitima
JSTOR Plant Science: Hyparrhenia finitima
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hyparrhenia finitima
Plants of the World Online: Hyparrhenia finitima
Tropicos: Hyparrhenia finitima
Wikipedia: Hyparrhenia finitima

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hyparrhenia finitima.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108890, retrieved 21 April 2024

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