Cyperus cyperoides (L.) Kuntze

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Cyperus cyperoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Cyperus cyperoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Cyperus cyperoides

Photo: Petra Ballings
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cyperus macrocarpus (Kunth) Boeckeler
Mariscus cylindrystachyus Steud.
Mariscus macer Kunth
Mariscus sieberianus Nees
Mariscus sublimis C.B. Clarke
Mariscus sumatrensis (Retz.) J. Raynal
Scirpus cyperoides L.
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial, sometimes resembling annuals, 15─120 cm tall. Culms tufted or few, 6-90 cm long, bluntly 3-angled, hairless. Leaves with lowermost leaf-sheaths dark red to purple, upper ones green to pale brown; basal scales often splitting up into fibres. Inflorescence with 4-18 primary branches, sometimes with 1-6 sessile spikes at base of some stalked spikes; spikes cylindrical 0.7-3 cm long, with 25-180 spikelets.
Derivation of specific name: cyperoides: resembling Cyperus, because the species was originally named Scirpus cyperoides L.
Habitat: Forest clearings, path sides, former cultivation, grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, South Africa, Madagascar, Asia, Pacific and West Indies.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 301. as Mariscus sumatrensis and M. cylindristachyus (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 12. As Cyperus cyperoides cyperoides and C. cyperoides pseudoflavus

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 123.

Gordon-Gray, K.D. (1995). Cyperaceae in Natal Strelitzia 2 Page 129.

Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H.J. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 209 - 210. Illustrations on pages 223-226 (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 89. As Mariscus sumatrensis

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 110. Under various subspecies.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 504 - 505. As Mariscus macrocarpus (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 118. As: Cyperus cyperoides cyperoides and C. cyperoides flavus

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 76. as Cyperus cyperoides flavus

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 183. as Mariscus sumatrensis and M. cylindristachyus

Other sources of information about Cyperus cyperoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cyperus cyperoides
Flora of Caprivi: Cyperus cyperoides
Flora of Malawi: Cyperus cyperoides
Flora of Mozambique: Cyperus cyperoides
Flora of Zambia: Cyperus cyperoides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyperus cyperoides
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cyperus cyperoides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyperus cyperoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyperus cyperoides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cyperus cyperoides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cyperus cyperoides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyperus cyperoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cyperus cyperoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyperus cyperoides
Ispot Southern Africa: Cyperus cyperoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyperus cyperoides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cyperus cyperoides
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cyperus cyperoides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyperus cyperoides
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cyperus cyperoides
Tropicos: Cyperus cyperoides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cyperus cyperoides., retrieved 18 July 2019

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