459.000 Cyperus L.



Description of the genus

Perennial, less often annual, herbs, tufted or with rhizomes or stolons, sometimes producing tubers or bulbs. Culms usually triangular. Leaves usually at or near the base of the culm, the culm base sometimes swollen, 3-ranked, linear and grass-like, the lower ones often scale-like. Inflorescence terminal, often a subumbel-like anthela or congested into a dense head; subtended by leaf-like involucral bracts. Spikelets 1-many-flowered. Glumes distichous. Perianth 0. Stamens 1-3. Stigmas 2-3, if 2, then nutlet dorsally flattened. Fruit a nutlet, usually dorsally flattened.

Worldwide: c. 300 species in warm and tropical countries

Zimbabwe: 89 taxa.

Cyperus angolensis

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
albopilosus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.C,E
albostriatus Schrad.W,C,E,SDescription, Image
alopecuroides Rottb.C,SImage
amabilis VahlN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
amauropus Steud.N,W,C,E
angolensis BoeckelerN,C,EDescription, Image
articulatus L.N,W,E,SDescription, Image
breviradius sensu Vorster ms.N,W,C,E,S
chersinus (N.E.Br.) Kük.W,S
clavinux C.B. ClarkeN,W,C
colymbetes Kotschy & Peyr.N
compressus L.W,E,SDescription, Image
congestus VahlN,W,C,E
cuspidatus KunthN,W,C,E,S
cyperoides (L.) KuntzeN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
deciduus BoeckelerN,W,C,E
denudatus L.f. var. denudatus N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
dichrostachyus Hochst. ex A.Rich.N,W,E
difformis L.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
digitatus Roxb. subsp. auricomus (Sieber ex Spreng.) Kük.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
distans L.f.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
diurensis BoeckelerN,W,C
dives DelileN
dubius Rottb.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
esculentus L.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
ferrugineoviridis (C.B. Clarke) Kük.E
fulgens sensu Vorster ms.N,W,E,S
glaucophyllus BoeckelerE
hamulosus M. Bieb.W
haspan L.
hemisphaericus BoeckelerN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
hirtellus (Chiov.) Kük.
imbricatus Retz.N,W,SDescription, Image
involucratus Rottb.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
iria L.N,E,SDescription, Image
kirkii C.B. ClarkeW,C,E,S
laevigatus L.N,W,SDescription, Image
laxus Lam. subsp. sylvestris (Ridl.) LyeN,W,CDescription, Image
leptocladus KunthN,W,C,E
longicarpus sensu Vorster ms.N,W,C
longispicula Muasya & D.A. Simpson[NrEnd]E
longus L. var. tenuiflorus (Rottb.) Kük.N,W,C,SDescription, Image
maculatus BoeckelerN,W,C,E,S
margaritaceus VahlN,W,C,SImage
mollipes (C.B. Clarke) K. Schum.NDescription, Image
nduru Cherm.?Description, Image
nyassensis (Podlech) LyeE
obtusiflorus Vahl var. obtusiflorus N,W,C,E,SImage
obtusiflorus Vahl var. flavissimus Boeck.C,E,SDescription, Image
papyrus L.WDescription, Image
pectinatus VahlNDescription, Image
platycaulis Baker
pluribracteatus (Kük.) GovaertsN,W,C,EDescription, Image
procerus Rottb.N,WImage
pseudoleptocladus Kük.E
pseudovestitus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.N,W,C,E
pubens Kük.N,CDescription, Image
pulchellus R. Br.NDescription, Image
pygmaeus Rottb.N,S
rigidifolius Steud.E
rotundus L.N,W,C,SDescription, Image
rupestris KunthN,W,C,E,S
schinzii BoeckelerN,W,C,E,S
semitrifidus Schrad.W,E,S
solidus KunthC,E
sp. (ex Mariscus sp.no.1) (Brain 8449)C
sp. (ex Mariscus sp.no.2) (P.A. Colville 52)C
sp. no. 1 (Eyles 4636)C
sp.no.10 (Jacobsen 649)W,E
sp.no.2 (Drummond 5105)E
sp.no.3 (Armitage 6555)E
sp.no.4 (Phipps 1435)N
sp.no.5 (Rattray 1273)S
sp.no.6 (Magadza 27)N,S
sp.no.7 (Bingham 505)N,W,C
sp.no.8 (Brain 3732)W,C
sp.no.9 (Boughey 2934)S
sphacelatus Rottb.E
sphaerospermus Schrad.N,W,C,E,S
spiralis Larridon
squarrosus L.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
tenax BoeckelerN,W,C,E,S
tenuispica Steud.N,W,C,E,S
trigonellus Suess.C,E,S
turrillii Kük.N,W,C,SDescription, Image
usitatus Burch. subsp. palmatus LyeW
usitatus Burch. subsp. usitatus var. macrobulbus Kük.W
vestitus Hochst. ex C. KraussW
zollingeri Steud.N,W,E

Other sources of information about Cyperus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cyperus
Flora of Caprivi: Cyperus
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Cyperus
Flora of Malawi: Cyperus
Flora of Mozambique: Cyperus
Flora of Zambia: Cyperus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cyperus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyperus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyperus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyperus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyperus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cyperus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyperus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyperus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyperus
Plants of the World Online: Cyperus
Tropicos: Cyperus
Wikipedia: Cyperus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Cyperus.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=267, retrieved 20 June 2024

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