Eriospermum mackenii (Hook. f.) Baker
subsp. phippsii (Wild) P.L. Perry

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Eriospermum mackenii subsp. phippsii

Photo: Neil Crouch
On path from base camp to hut, Chimanimani N.P.

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Synonyms: Eriospermum phippsii Wild
Common names:
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Perennial herb with a solitary inflorescence up to 40 cm high, growing from a subglobose tuber, up to 4.5 cm in diameter; old leaf sheaths forming a fibrous neck up to 6.5 cm long. Leaves 2-5, more or less erect, ovate, up to 9 cm long, covered in short to longer hairs; lamina channelled at the base. Peduncle up to 30 cm long; raceme up to 50-flowered, up to 20 cm long. Bracts ovate, 1-2 mm long. Pedicels up to 2.5 cm long. Flowers up to 1.2 cm in diameter, bell-shaped, bright yellow with a green midvein on the tepals. Capsule obovoid, up to 8 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: mackenii: after Mark Johnston McKen (1823-1872), Scottish plant collector and herbarium curator at the Durban Botanic Gardens.
phippsii: after James B. Phipps, plant collector in Zimbabwe, particularly in the Chimani
Habitat: Quartzite sandy grassland, mostly above the Brachystegia tree line.
Altitude range: (metres) 1400 - 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: This subspecies is only found in the Chimanimani Mountains of Mozambique and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 173. as Eriospermum phippsii

Goodier, R. & Phipps, J.B. (1961). A revised checklist of the vascular plants of the Chimanimani Mountains Kirkia 1 Page 51. as Eriospermum sp. near E. abyssinicum

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 128.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 90.

Perry, P.L. (2010). Eriospermaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(2) Pages 3 - 4.

Timberlake, J., Darbyshire, I., Wursten, B., Hadj-Hammou, J., Ballings, P., Mapaura, A., Matimele, H., Banze, A., Chipanga, H., Muassinar, D., Massunde, J., Chelene, I., Osborne, J., Shah, T. (2016). Chimanimani Mountains: Botany and Conservation. Report produced under CEPF Grant 63512. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London. Page 47.

Wild, H. (1964). The endemic species of the Chimanimani Mountains and their significance Kirkia 4 Pages 134 - 135. Protologue as Eriospermum phippsii

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 81.

Other sources of information about Eriospermum mackenii subsp. phippsii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Eriospermum mackenii subsp. phippsii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eriospermum mackenii
African Plant Database: Eriospermum mackenii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eriospermum mackenii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eriospermum mackenii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eriospermum mackenii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eriospermum mackenii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eriospermum mackenii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Eriospermum mackenii
iNaturalist: Eriospermum mackenii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eriospermum mackenii
JSTOR Plant Science: Eriospermum mackenii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eriospermum mackenii
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Eriospermum mackenii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eriospermum mackenii
Plants of the World Online: Eriospermum mackenii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Eriospermum mackenii
Tropicos: Eriospermum mackenii
Wikipedia: Eriospermum mackenii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eriospermum mackenii subsp. phippsii., retrieved 19 September 2019

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