Eriospermum mackenii (Hook. f.) Baker
subsp. phippsii (Wild) P.L. Perry

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (7)

Eriospermum mackenii subsp. phippsii

Photo: Neil Crouch
On path from base camp to hut, Chimanimani N.P.

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eriospermum phippsii Wild
Common names:
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Perennial herb with a solitary inflorescence up to 40 cm high, growing from a subglobose tuber, up to 4.5 cm in diameter; old leaf sheaths forming a fibrous neck up to 6.5 cm long. Leaves 2-5, more or less erect, ovate, up to 9 cm long, covered in short to longer hairs; lamina channelled at the base. Peduncle up to 30 cm long; raceme up to 50-flowered, up to 20 cm long. Bracts ovate, 1-2 mm long. Pedicels up to 2.5 cm long. Flowers up to 1.2 cm in diameter, bell-shaped, bright yellow with a green midvein on the tepals. Capsule obovoid, up to 8 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: mackenii: after Mark Johnston McKen (1823-1872), Scottish plant collector and herbarium curator at the Durban Botanic Gardens.
phippsii: after James B. Phipps, plant collector in Zimbabwe, particularly in the Chimani
Habitat: Quartzite sandy grassland, mostly above the Brachystegia tree line.
Altitude range: (metres) 1400 - 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: This subspecies is only found in the Chimanimani Mountains of Mozambique and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 25.

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 76.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 173. as Eriospermum phippsii

Goodier, R. & Phipps, J.B. (1961). A revised checklist of the vascular plants of the Chimanimani Mountains Kirkia 1 Page 51. as Eriospermum sp. near E. abyssinicum

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 128.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 90.

Perry, P.L. (2010). Eriospermaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(2) Pages 3 - 4.

Timberlake, J., Darbyshire, I., Wursten, B., Hadj-Hammou, J., Ballings, P., Mapaura, A., Matimele, H., Banze, A., Chipanga, H., Muassinar, D., Massunde, J., Chelene, I., Osborne, J., Shah, T. (2016). Chimanimani Mountains: Botany and Conservation. Report produced under CEPF Grant 63512. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London. Page 47.

Wild, H. (1964). The endemic species of the Chimanimani Mountains and their significance Kirkia 4 Pages 134 - 135. Protologue as Eriospermum phippsii

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 81.

Other sources of information about Eriospermum mackenii subsp. phippsii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Eriospermum mackenii subsp. phippsii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eriospermum mackenii
African Plant Database: Eriospermum mackenii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eriospermum mackenii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eriospermum mackenii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eriospermum mackenii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eriospermum mackenii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eriospermum mackenii
JSTOR Plant Science: Eriospermum mackenii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eriospermum mackenii
Plants of the World Online: Eriospermum mackenii
Tropicos: Eriospermum mackenii
Wikipedia: Eriospermum mackenii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eriospermum mackenii subsp. phippsii., retrieved 26 May 2024

Site software last modified: 26 March 2018 2:01pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use