Cyrtanthus breviflorus Harv.

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Cyrtanthus breviflorus

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Mt Rukotso, Nyanga

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Synonyms: Anoiganthus luteus Baker
Common names: Wild crocus (English) Yellow fire lily (English)
Status: Native
Small perennial, less than 30 cm, growing from bulbs. Leaves strap-shaped, c. 25 cm, mostly absent, sometimes present at time of flowering. Flowers 1-10, bright yellow with a short tube and spreading lobes.
Derivation of specific name: breviflorus: short flowers
Habitat: In submontane grassland, along rivers and marshes, often after fires.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Brithys crini (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 9 March 2007

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 200 - 201. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 287. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 84.

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Pages 7 - 8. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 104.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 80.

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2008). Amaryllidacae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1) Pages 110 - 111. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cyrtanthus breviflorus:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Cyrtanthus breviflorus
Flora of Malawi: Cyrtanthus breviflorus
Flora of Zambia: Cyrtanthus breviflorus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyrtanthus breviflorus
African Plant Database: Cyrtanthus breviflorus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyrtanthus breviflorus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyrtanthus breviflorus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyrtanthus breviflorus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cyrtanthus breviflorus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyrtanthus breviflorus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyrtanthus breviflorus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyrtanthus breviflorus
Plants of the World Online: Cyrtanthus breviflorus
Tropicos: Cyrtanthus breviflorus
Wikipedia: Cyrtanthus breviflorus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cyrtanthus breviflorus., retrieved 22 May 2024

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