Cyrtanthus rhodesianus Rendle

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Cyrtanthus rhodesianus

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Forest Reserve, Mutare

Cyrtanthus rhodesianus

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Mtarazi Falls, Nyanga

Cyrtanthus rhodesianus

Photo: Christopher Chapano
Dekete, near Goodhope Primary School, Driefontein

Cyrtanthus rhodesianus

Photo: Christopher Chapano
Dekete, near Goodhope Primary School, Driefontein

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Fire lily (English)
Status: Native
Perennial herb, 20-40 cm tall, growing from oval bulbs. Leaves appearing after flowering. Flowers 2-10, pendent, scarlet, borne in an umbel-like inflorescence. Tube long and narrow, lobes spreading. The flowers are short-lived.
Notes: This species is very similar to the South African C. contractus N.E.Br. and further research will have to establish the exact relationship between the two taxa.
Derivation of specific name: rhodesianus: of Rhodesia (Zimbabwe, or sometimes Zambia)
Habitat: In grassland, usually flowering after grass fires.
Altitude range: (metres) 1200 - 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 8 June 2010

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 19. Also as Cyrtanthus contractus

Linley, K. & Baker, B. (1972). Flowers of the Veld Bundu Series Longman Zimbabwe Pages 19 - 20. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 84.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 80.

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of the Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 18(2) Page 157.

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2008). Amaryllidacae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1) Pages 112 - 114.

Other sources of information about Cyrtanthus rhodesianus:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
African Plant Database: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
Plants of the World Online: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
Tropicos: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus
Wikipedia: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cyrtanthus rhodesianus., retrieved 11 December 2023

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