Cryptostephanus vansonii I. Verd.

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Cryptostephanus vansonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Forest, Vumba

Cryptostephanus vansonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Forest, Vumba

Cryptostephanus vansonii

Photo: Ryan Truscott
Top of the Zhowe Range, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Perennial herb growing from a short rhizome with fleshy roots. Leaves strap-shaped, up to 53 cm long and c. 2.5 cm wide. Flowering stem up to 27 cm long, flattened with sharply edged narrow wings. Inflorescence up to 40-flowered. Flowers white, often pink-tinged; perianth segments, up to 1.5 cm long. Fruit a subglobose red berry, c. 4 mm wide.
Notes: This uncommon relative of the well-known Clivia miniata is probably most commonly encountered in the Vumba Mts.
Derivation of specific name: vansonii: named after Mr. Van Son, who first flowered a collected specimen in his Pretoria garden, before it had been described.
Habitat: In forests, where it grows on rocks and in leaflitter on the forest floor.
Altitude range: (metres) 1600 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Border mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique but also on Mt Gorongosa and Mt Mabu.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 18.

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 76.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 84.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 71.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 80.

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2008). Amaryllidacae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1) Pages 101 - 102. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cryptostephanus vansonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Cryptostephanus vansonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cryptostephanus vansonii
African Plant Database: Cryptostephanus vansonii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cryptostephanus vansonii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cryptostephanus vansonii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cryptostephanus vansonii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cryptostephanus vansonii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cryptostephanus vansonii
JSTOR Plant Science: Cryptostephanus vansonii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cryptostephanus vansonii
Plants of the World Online: Cryptostephanus vansonii
Tropicos: Cryptostephanus vansonii
Wikipedia: Cryptostephanus vansonii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cryptostephanus vansonii., retrieved 5 March 2024

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