Hesperantha ballii Wild

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Hesperantha ballii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Saddle below higher slopes of Mt Nhamudimu, Chimanimani Mts

Hesperantha ballii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Saddle below higher slopes of Mt Nhamudimu, Chimanimani Mts

Hesperantha ballii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Saddle below higher slopes of Mt Nhamudimu, Chimanimani Mts

Hesperantha ballii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Saddle below higher slopes of Mt Nhamudimu, Chimanimani Mts

Hesperantha ballii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Saddle below higher slopes of Mt Nhamudimu, Chimanimani Mts

Hesperantha ballii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Saddle below higher slopes of Mt Nhamudimu, Chimanimani Mts

Hesperantha ballii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Saddle below higher slopes of Mt Nhamudimu, Chimanimani Mts

Hesperantha ballii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Saddle below higher slopes of Mt Nhamudimu, Chimanimani Mts

Hesperantha ballii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Saddle below higher slopes of Mt Nhamudimu, Chimanimani Mts

Hesperantha ballii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Saddle below higher slopes of Mt Nhamudimu, Chimanimani Mts

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial herb, 12-25 cm tall. Leaves 4, lower 2 basal, linear; upper 2 sheathing along the stem. Stem erect, unbranched. Spike 1-2-flowered, the flowers down-curved, facing the ground. Floral bracts 11-14 mm long, green flushed with red, the outer bracts with margins united for c. 3 mm. Flowers white with dark red on the outside of the tepals; perianth tube 11-15 mm long curved near the apex, slightly exceeding the bracts. Anthers yellow, pendent.
Notes: Endemic to Chimanimani. Only collected twice.
Note: Flowers normally open at sunset, facing downwards and are fragrant.
Derivation of specific name: ballii: named after John Ball, orchidologist, who collected the type for this species.
Habitat: On thin quartzite soils on rock shelves and in grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1850 - 2200 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Restricted to the Chimanimani Mountains, Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 7 June 2014
Literature:

Goldblatt, P. (1993). Iridaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(4) Page 61.

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 128.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 92.

Timberlake, J., Darbyshire, I., Wursten, B., Hadj-Hammou, J., Ballings, P., Mapaura, A., Matimele, H., Banze, A., Chipanga, H., Muassinar, D., Massunde, J., Chelene, I., Osborne, J., Shah, T. (2016). Chimanimani Mountains: Botany and Conservation. Report produced under CEPF Grant 63512. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London. Page 47.

Wild, H. (1964). The endemic species of the Chimanimani Mountains and their significance Kirkia 4 Pages 136 - 137.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 83.


Other sources of information about Hesperantha ballii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Hesperantha ballii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hesperantha ballii
African Plant Database: Hesperantha ballii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hesperantha ballii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hesperantha ballii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hesperantha ballii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hesperantha ballii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hesperantha ballii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hesperantha ballii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hesperantha ballii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hesperantha ballii
Ispot Southern Africa: Hesperantha ballii
JSTOR Plant Science: Hesperantha ballii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hesperantha ballii
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Hesperantha ballii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hesperantha ballii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hesperantha ballii
Tropicos: Hesperantha ballii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hesperantha ballii.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=115770, retrieved 19 April 2019

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