Habenaria anaphysema Rchb. f.

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Synonyms: Bilabrella anaphysema (Rchb.f.)
Common names:
Status: Native
Slender terrestrial herb 20–75 cm tall. Tubers 1–2 × 0.5–1 cm, globose or ellipsoid. Stem leafy; leaves 6–12, the lowermost sheath-like, the upper ones grading into bracts, the remainder ± erect, the largest 7–16 cm × 3–10 mm, linear, the edges sometimes inrolled. Inflorescence 6–20 × 3–3.5 cm, rather laxly or densely 6–26-flowered.Flowers green. Pedicel c. 10 mm long, ovary c. 7 mm; bracts 5–15 mm long, shorter than pedicel and ovary, often brown at tips. Dorsal sepal usually reflexed but occasionally erect, 4–6.5 × 4–5 mm, elliptic, convex; lateral sepals deflexed, 6–9 × 4–5 mm, obliquely obovate with lateral apiculum. Petals 2-lobed almost to base; upper lobe 4–5 × 0.5 mm, linear, erect or recurved, ciliolate; lower lobe 8–15 × 1–2 mm, narrowly lanceolate, curving downwards. Lip deflexed, 3-lobed to 1–2 mm from base; mid-lobe 8–15 mm long, side lobes 4–8 mm long, all lobes linear, c. 0.5 mm wide; spur 8–15 mm long, slender but swollen at apex, at first parallel to ovary, then forming a complete loop so that the tip points up. Anther 2.5–4 mm high; anther canals 3.5–6.5 mm long, slightly incurved. Stigmatic arms 3–6 mm long, slender, enlarged and truncate at apex. Rostellum mid-lobe 1.5–3 mm long, triangular, acute.(Source: JSTOR/FZ)
Notes: This is the only member of the genus with spur forming a complete loop. Given from the Republic of Congo by Sita & Moutsambote (1988).
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Terrestrial in swamp and seasonally flooded grasslands
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Nov - May
Worldwide distribution: Central African Republic, DRC, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 325.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 88.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 68. (Includes a picture).

Pope, G. (1995). Orchidaceae Flora Zambesiaca 11(1)

Summerhayes, V.S. (1968). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora of Tropical East Africa

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 84.

Other sources of information about Habenaria anaphysema:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Habenaria anaphysema
Flora of Zambia: Habenaria anaphysema

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria anaphysema
African Plant Database: Habenaria anaphysema
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Habenaria anaphysema
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria anaphysema
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria anaphysema
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria anaphysema
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria anaphysema
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria anaphysema
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria anaphysema
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria anaphysema
Ispot Southern Africa: Habenaria anaphysema
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria anaphysema
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria anaphysema
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria anaphysema
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria anaphysema
The Plant List (version 1.1): Habenaria anaphysema
Tropicos: Habenaria anaphysema

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Habenaria anaphysema.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116630, retrieved 22 May 2019

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