Habenaria epipactidea Rchb. f.

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Habenaria epipactidea

Photo: Richard Gill
Cradle area, Gauteng

Habenaria epipactidea

Photo: Richard Gill
Cradle area, Gauteng

Habenaria epipactidea

Photo: Richard Gill
Cradle area, Gauteng

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Habenaria foliosa (Sw.) Rchb.f.
Habenaria hircina Rchb.f.
Habenaria perfoliata Kraenzl.
Habenaria polyphylla Kraenzl.
Habenaria rautanenii Kraenzl.
Habenaria schinzii Rolfe
Orchis foliosa Sw.
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb up to 50 cm high; tubers c. 4 × 1.5 cm, ovoid, woolly. Stem with 8–15 overlapping leaves, the lowermost 1–2 sheath-like, the upper ones bract-like, the largest in the middle, lanceolate, 5–12 cm long; margin often undulate. Inflorescence densely 5 to many-flowered, up to 16 cm long; bracts lanceolate, up to 25 mm long. Flowers white or greenish-white. Dorsal sepal ovate, erect, convex, 8–10 mm long; lateral sepals spreading, curved-lanceolate, 9–12 mm long; petals entire, orbicular to elliptic, 8–10 mm long, rounded. Lip 3-lobed almost to the base, 10–14 mm long, side lobes much shorter and narrower than mid-lobe; spur 18–30 mm long, swollen towards the tip.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In grassland and open woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 1700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Rwanda, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 25 March 2019

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 19.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 63.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 181.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83. Also as Habenaria chlorotica

Johnson, S., Bytebier, B, & Stärker H. (2015). Orchids of South Africa, a Field Guide Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 340. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 71 - 73.

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Pages 115 - 116. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 78 - 79. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 128.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 134. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria epipactidea:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Habenaria epipactidea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria epipactidea
African Plant Database: Habenaria epipactidea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria epipactidea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria epipactidea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria epipactidea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria epipactidea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria epipactidea
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria epipactidea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria epipactidea
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria epipactidea
Tropicos: Habenaria epipactidea
Wikipedia: Habenaria epipactidea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Habenaria epipactidea.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116740, retrieved 23 April 2024

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