Habenaria galpinii Bolus

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Habenaria galpinii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Globe Rock, Vumba

Habenaria galpinii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Globe Rock, Vumba

Habenaria galpinii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Globe Rock, Vumba

Habenaria galpinii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Globe Rock, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb 30–40 cm tall. Leaves 4–7, mostly concentrated near the base of stem, 10–17 cm long, upper ones bract-like; margins more or less wavy. Inflorescence up to 15 cm long, densely several- to many-flowered; bracts 12–14 mm long. Flowers semi-erect, green and white or yellow-green. Dorsal sepal reflexed, 5–6 mm long; lateral sepals obliquely obovate, 7–8 mm long, with lateral notch. Petals 2-lobed almost to base; upper lobe linear, 5.5–6.5 mm long, erect; lower lobe 10–11 mm long. Lip 3-lobed, with basal claw c. 2 mm long; mid-lobe 12–13 mm long; side lobes 7.5–8 mm long; all lobes linear; spur 18–23 mm long, S-shaped.
Derivation of specific name: galpinii: named for E.E. Galpin, South African naturalist and collector (1858 - 1941)
Habitat: In wet soil over rock, occasionally in Eucalyptus plantations.
Altitude range: (metres) 1400 - 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Gauteng, North-West, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 7 November 2019

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 19.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 63.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83.

Johnson, S., Bytebier, B, & Stärker H. (2015). Orchids of South Africa, a Field Guide Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 344. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 93.

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Page 128. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 92 - 93. (Includes a picture).

Stewart, J., Linder, H.P., Schelpe, E.A. & Hall, A.V. (1982). Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Macmillan South Africa Ltd. Page 88.

Other sources of information about Habenaria galpinii:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria galpinii
African Plant Database: Habenaria galpinii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria galpinii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria galpinii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria galpinii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria galpinii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria galpinii
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria galpinii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria galpinii
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria galpinii
Tropicos: Habenaria galpinii
Wikipedia: Habenaria galpinii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Habenaria galpinii.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116780, retrieved 21 April 2024

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