Habenaria harmsiana Schltr.

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Habenaria harmsiana

Photo: Tomas Buruwate
Next to the Mbatamila Airstrip, Niassa Reserve

Habenaria harmsiana

Photo: Tomas Buruwate
Next to the Mbatamila Airstrip, Niassa Reserve

Habenaria harmsiana

Photo: Tomas Buruwate
Next to the Mbatamila Airstrip, Niassa Reserve

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Terrestrial herb up to 70 cm tall; stem leafy, lowest sheath-like, mid-stem leaves largest up to 6.5-12 x 1.5-4 cm; inflorescence laxly few to many-flowered; flowers spreading, scented, white; spur 4-7 cm long, inflated in the last 1 cm.
Most characteristic feature of H. harmsiana is the thin triangular membrane between the base of the upper and lower petal lobes.
Notes: Not recorded in Zimbabwe according to Flora Zambesiaca volume 11 part 1:119 (1995)
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Jan - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Zambia to Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 26 January 2015

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 129.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 64.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 119.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 83. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 390.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Page 59.

Other sources of information about Habenaria harmsiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Habenaria harmsiana
Flora of Mozambique: Habenaria harmsiana
Flora of Zambia: Habenaria harmsiana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria harmsiana
African Plant Database: Habenaria harmsiana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria harmsiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria harmsiana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria harmsiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria harmsiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria harmsiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria harmsiana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria harmsiana
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria harmsiana
Tropicos: Habenaria harmsiana
Wikipedia: Habenaria harmsiana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Habenaria harmsiana.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116790, retrieved 15 April 2024

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