Habenaria holothrix Schltr.

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Synonyms: Pseudohemipilia holothrix (Schltr.)
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb 10–30 cm tall; tubers 1–1.5 cm long, ellipsoid, sparsely tomentose.Stem erect, with spreading hairs, with 1 basal leaf and 2–3 bract-like leaves.Basal leaf appressed to the ground, 1–3 × 1.5–3 cm, broadly ovate to orbicular, cordate at base, apiculate, glabrous or with scattered hairs on upper surface, ciliate on margin; bract-like stem leaves c. 1 cm long, hairy.Inflorescence 1–11 × 1.5 cm, laxly 2 to c. 20-flowered; bracts 3–7 mm long; all softly hairy.Flowers green or yellow-green, sometimes fragrant.Ovary and pedicel 7–11 mm long, softly hairy.Dorsal sepal erect, 3–4 × 2–3 mm, ovate, obtuse, convex; lateral sepals deflexed, 3.5–4 × 1.5 mm, obliquely lanceolate, obtuse or subacute; all sepals with spreading hairs on outside.Petals glabrous, 2-lobed to 1–1.5 mm from base; posterior lobe erect, 2–3× c. 1 mm, curved-lanceolate, subacute; anterior lobe erect, 0.5–5 × c. 0.25 mm, filiform.Lip glabrous, curving down, 3-lobed to 0.5–1 mm from base; mid-lobe 2.8–6 mm long, c. 0.8 mm wide; side lobes filiform, 1.5–5.5 mm long; spur 7–10 mm long, slightly inflated in apical half, parallel to ovary.Anther c. 1.5 mm tall, slightly incurved, rounded; canals 0.5–1 mm long, upcurved.Stigmatic arms c. 1 mm long, stout, truncate at apex.Rostellum mid-lobe triangular, less than 1 mm long.(Source: JSTOR/FZ)
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Zambia, Angola, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 64.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 181.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 143 - 144.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 61 - 62. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria holothrix:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Habenaria holothrix

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria holothrix
African Plant Database: Habenaria holothrix
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria holothrix
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria holothrix
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria holothrix
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria holothrix
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria holothrix
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria holothrix
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria holothrix
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria holothrix
Tropicos: Habenaria holothrix
Wikipedia: Habenaria holothrix

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Habenaria holothrix.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116800, retrieved 15 April 2024

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