Habenaria papyracea Schltr.

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Habenaria papyracea

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Moffat Farm, Mkushi Distr., Central Province

Habenaria papyracea

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Moffat Farm, Mkushi Distr., Central Province

Habenaria papyracea

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Moffat Farm, Mkushi Distr., Central Province

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb 30–60 cm tall; tuber ellipsoid to globose, 1.5–3 cm long, densely hairy. Leaves 6–14 along the stem, lowermost 2–4 loosely sheathing, upper ones grading into bracts, middle ones spreading, elliptic, oblanceolate or ovate, 5–14 cm long. Inflorescence 10–30 cm long, densely many-flowered; bracts 15–30 mm long, usually equalling or shorter than the flower. Flowers green. Dorsal sepal ovate, 4.5–9 mm long, erect, convex; lateral sepals obliquely lanceolate, 5.5–10 mm long, deflexed. Petals 2-lobed; upper lobe linear, 4–6.5 mm long, erect; lower lobe narrowly linear, 6–12 mm long, spreading and curving upwards. Lip 3-lobed; mid-lobe linear, 5.5–10 mm long, side lobes linear, 8–14 mm long; spur 7–20 mm long, slender, pendent.
Derivation of specific name: papyracea: papery, referring to the leaves drying papery.
Habitat: In Brachystegia woodland and mixed woodland, on rocky hillsides and amongst rocks.
Altitude range: (metres) 1250 - 1800 m
Flowering time:Feb - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Nigeria, DRC, Sudan, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 15 August 2019

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 326.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 64.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 83 - 84.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 64. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 48 - 49. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria papyracea:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Habenaria papyracea
Flora of Zambia: Habenaria papyracea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria papyracea
African Plant Database: Habenaria papyracea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria papyracea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria papyracea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria papyracea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria papyracea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria papyracea
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria papyracea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria papyracea
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria papyracea
Tropicos: Habenaria papyracea
Wikipedia: Habenaria papyracea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Habenaria papyracea.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116960, retrieved 27 February 2024

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