Habenaria stenorhynchos Schltr.

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Habenaria stenorhynchos

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Chakwenga Headwaters, 100-129 km E of Lusaka

Habenaria stenorhynchos

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Chakwenga Headwaters, 100-129 km E of Lusaka

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Synonyms: Habenaria dactylostigma Schltr.
Common names:
Status: Native
Slender terrestrial herb 15-45 cm tall; tubers ellipsoid to ovoid, 2.5-1.5 cm; leaves 4-8, the basal 1-2 sheath like, mid-stem leaves semi-spreading, 3.5-8.5 x 0.7-2 cm, ovate or lanceolate, upper stem leaves grading into bracts; inflorescence to 11 cm long, laxly 1-7 flowered, bracts slightly shorter; ovary and pedicel 15-25 mm long; flowers sweetly scented, white with green veined sepals, dorsal sepal 10-11 x 2.5-4.5 mm, erect, convex, acute, lateral sepals c. 12 x 6 mm, obliquely obovate; petals 2-lobed  to base, upper lobe 8-10 mm long, erect, lower lobe 10-15 mm long, curving forwards and up, narrowly linear, less than 1 mm wide; lip 3-lobed almost to base, mid-lobe deflexed, 12-14 x 1 mm, linear, side lobes 5.5-8.5 x 0.5 mm,  filiform, projecting forwards but curving down slightly; spur 8-10 mm long, pendent, swollen at apex; anther erect, c. 4 mm tall, canals 7-8 mm long, porrect, tips upcurved; stigmatic arms 5.5-8 mm long, projecting forwards, enlarged and truncate at apex.
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Angola through Zambia to Tanzania south to Malawi, Zimbabwe and South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: C,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 328.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 181.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 122 - 124.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 85. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria stenorhynchos:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Habenaria stenorhynchos
Flora of Zambia: Habenaria stenorhynchos

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria stenorhynchos
African Plant Database: Habenaria stenorhynchos
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Habenaria stenorhynchos
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria stenorhynchos
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria stenorhynchos
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria stenorhynchos
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria stenorhynchos
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria stenorhynchos
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria stenorhynchos
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria stenorhynchos
Ispot Southern Africa: Habenaria stenorhynchos
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria stenorhynchos
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria stenorhynchos
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria stenorhynchos
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria stenorhynchos
The Plant List (version 1.1): Habenaria stenorhynchos
Tropicos: Habenaria stenorhynchos

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Habenaria stenorhynchos.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117060, retrieved 20 July 2019

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