Habenaria trilobulata Schltr.

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Habenaria trilobulata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ex Bomponi, Burma Valley

Habenaria trilobulata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bomponi, Burma Valley

Habenaria trilobulata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Ex Bomponi, Burma Valley

Habenaria trilobulata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ex Bomponi, Burma Valley

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Habenaria quadrifida Schltr.
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb, 20 - 35 cm. Leaves 2, basal, appressed to the ground, broadly ovate to almost round, silvery green with darker reticulate veining. Several small bract-like leaves along the flowering stem. Inflorescence laxly 3-12-flowered. Flowers pale green or whitish. Dorsal sepal erect, convex, forming a hood; lateral sepals strongly reflexed. Petals 2-lobed; upper lobes erect, short, ovate, adnate to the dorsal sepal; lower lobes filiform 2-3 cm, deflexed or spreading. Lip 3-lobed c. 2 mm from the base; mid-lobe linear, c. 8 mm; side lobes filiform, 2-3 cm, similar to anterior petal lobes. Spur 2-3.5 cm, somewhat incurved, slightly swollen at the apex.
Derivation of specific name: trilobulata: three-lobed. A rather odd label since nearly all species of Habenaria have a distinctly 3-lobed lip.
Habitat: In Brachystegia woodland and riverine forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 800 m
Flowering time:Feb - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 26 August 2006

Ball, J.S. (2009). Terrestrial African Orchids, A Selected Review. Pages 198 - 199. (Includes a picture).

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 65.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 134.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 98 - 99. (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Page 132. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 120 - 121. (Includes a picture).

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 390.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 128.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 142.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1968). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 131 - 132.

Other sources of information about Habenaria trilobulata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Habenaria trilobulata
Flora of Malawi: Habenaria trilobulata
Flora of Mozambique: Habenaria trilobulata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria trilobulata
African Plant Database: Habenaria trilobulata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria trilobulata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria trilobulata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria trilobulata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria trilobulata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria trilobulata
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria trilobulata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria trilobulata
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria trilobulata
Tropicos: Habenaria trilobulata
Wikipedia: Habenaria trilobulata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Habenaria trilobulata.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117140, retrieved 21 May 2024

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