Habenaria zambesina Rchb.f.

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Habenaria zambesina

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Chakwenga Headwaters, 100-129 km E of Lusaka

Habenaria zambesina

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Chakwenga Headwaters, 100-129 km E of Lusaka

Habenaria zambesina

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Chakwenga Headwaters, 100-129 km E of Lusaka

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Habenaria myriantha Kraenzl.
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb up to 1 m tall; roots several, fleshy, up to 12 x 1 cm, cylindrical, sometimes branched; leaves 8-9, spaced along the stem, lowest 2-3 loosely sheathing, the remainder up to 22 x 5 cm, ovate, acute, slightly clasping stem, decreasing in size towards stem apex; inflorescence 11-25 x 4.5-25 cm, densely many flowered, bracts 17-22 mm long, lanceolate, acute; ovary and pedicel 18-20 mm long; flowers white, sepals turning green towards apex, dorsal sepal 5-6 x 3-5 mm, ovate, reflexed, lateral sepals 6-10 x 3-4 mm, ovate, deflexed or spreading, twisted; petals 5-10 x 3-4 mm, ovate, acute, entire, pointing forwards and more or less forming a hood; lip 8-13 x 1.5-2.5 mm, ligulate entire; spur (1.5)5.5-9 cm long, slender, pendent; anther c. 2mm tall, canals very short; stigmatic arms 2-2.5 mm long, clavate, usually joined near tip.
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Throughout most of tropical Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 329.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 129.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 181.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 69.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 57. (Includes a picture).

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 390.

Other sources of information about Habenaria zambesina:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Habenaria zambesina
Flora of Mozambique: Habenaria zambesina
Flora of Zambia: Habenaria zambesina

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria zambesina
African Plant Database: Habenaria zambesina
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Habenaria zambesina
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria zambesina
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria zambesina
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria zambesina
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria zambesina
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria zambesina
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria zambesina
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria zambesina
Ispot Southern Africa: Habenaria zambesina
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria zambesina
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria zambesina
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria zambesina
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria zambesina
The Plant List (version 1.1): Habenaria zambesina
Tropicos: Habenaria zambesina

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Habenaria zambesina.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117210, retrieved 20 July 2019

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