Disa cornuta (L.) Sw.

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Disa cornuta

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Nyazengu, at S base of Nyangani, Nyanga.

Disa cornuta

Photo: Sue Worsley
Kwaraguza, Troutbeck

Disa cornuta

Photo: Sue Worsley
Kwaraguza, Troutbeck

Disa cornuta

Photo: Sue Worsley
Kwaraguza, Troutbeck

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Disa aemula Bolus
Disa cornuta (L.) Sw. var. aemula (Bolus) Kraenzl.
Disa macrantha Bolus
Orchis cornuta L.
Satyrium cornutum (L.) Thunb.
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb, up to 1 m tall. Leaves overlapping along the fertile stem, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, shortly sheathing at the base. Inflorescence 15-40 cm long, many-flowered. Bracts lanceolate, pointed as long as or overtopping the flowers. Flowers facing down, variable in colour, often more or less deep purplish on the outside of the hood and the base of the lip, greenish to silvery-white on other parts. Dorsal sepal deeply hooded with a more or less horizontal, cylindric spur, 1-2 cm long arising from the middle, decurved near the apex. Lateral sepals spreading. Petals more or less distinctly 2-lobed, 8-10 mm long, lying within the hood. Lip pendent, 5-10 mm long, fleshy.
Derivation of specific name: cornuta: horned
Habitat: Occurring in montane grassland.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Sep - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe, Lesotho, and Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape and Western Cape, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 31 January 2010

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 56.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 80. As Disa macrantha

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 174.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 210 - 211. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Disa cornuta:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Disa cornuta
African Plant Database: Disa cornuta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Disa cornuta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Disa cornuta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Disa cornuta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Disa cornuta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Disa cornuta
JSTOR Plant Science: Disa cornuta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Disa cornuta
Plants of the World Online: Disa cornuta
Tropicos: Disa cornuta
Wikipedia: Disa cornuta

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Disa cornuta.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117300, retrieved 5 March 2024

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