Satyrium hallackii Bolus
subsp. ocellatum (Bolus) A.V. Hall

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Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum

Photo: Darrel Plowes

Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum

Photo: Darrel Plowes

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Synonyms: Satyrium nutans Kraenzl.
Satyrium ocellatum Bolus
Common names:
Status: Native
Robust terrestrial herb up to 1 m tall. Leaves 8-10, lowest sheath-like, next 2-4 large, up to 28 × 7 cm, broadly lanceolate; remaining leaves much smaller, becoming bract-like along the stem. Inflorescence 10-24 cm long, fairly densely many-flowered. Bracts up to 25 mm long, reflexed. Flowers white, sometimes flushed with pink. Sepals and petals pointing forward. Lip convex, forming a wide-mouthed hood; spurs 30-65 mm long.
Notes: Zimbabwean material, formerly included under S. hallackii subsp. ocellatum (Bolus) A.V. Hall. normally has longer spurs than that from South Africa or Malawi and the flowers are mostly white in stead of rose-pink, pink or mauve. It has recently been placed under a newly described subsp. ballii (van der Niet & P.J.Cribb) van der Niet & P.J.Cribb, (KB 61-2, 2006*). It is not clear whether all known Zimbabwean specimens now fall under subsp. ballii in which case subsp. ocellatum is longer be a Zimbabwean taxon.

(*) In the original publication (van der Niet & P.J.Cribb in Kew Bulletin 61-2: 261, 2006) the new taxon was erroneously described as S. hallackii var. ballii van der Niet & P.J.Cribb. This was later rectified as S. hallackii subsp. ballii (van der Niet & P.J.Cribb) van der Niet & P.J.Cribb
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Occurring in vleis and marshy areas.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 1360 m
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Subsp. ocellatum also occurs in Malawi and South Africa but the newly described subsp. ballii is restricted to Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 24 November 2011

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 49.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 70.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 85. As Satyrium ocellatum

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 206 - 208. as Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 137.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 97.

Van der Niet, T. & Cribb, P.J. (2006). Additions to the Orchid Flora of Angola, Tanzania and Zimbabwe Kew Bulletin 61(2) Pages 261 - 262. as Satyrium hallackii var. ballii (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Satyrium hallackii
African Plant Database: Satyrium hallackii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Satyrium hallackii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Satyrium hallackii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Satyrium hallackii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Satyrium hallackii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Satyrium hallackii
JSTOR Plant Science: Satyrium hallackii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Satyrium hallackii
Plants of the World Online: Satyrium hallackii
Tropicos: Satyrium hallackii
Wikipedia: Satyrium hallackii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum., retrieved 21 February 2024

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