Satyrium longicauda Lindl.

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Satyrium longicauda

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Rukotso

Satyrium longicauda

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Rukotso

Satyrium longicauda

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Rukotso

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Frequency: Common (in suitable habitats)
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb, 15 - 65cm. Foliage leaves on a separate sterile shoot. Leaves along the flowering stem sheathing. Inflorescence fairly dense with long, leaf-like bracts, often reddish. Flowers white, variably tinged with pink at the apices of the flower parts. Petals and sepals deflexed in older flowers. Lip forming a hood with a wide mouth; spurs 3-4.5cm, rarely 5cm long, mostly tucked behind the bracts.
Derivation of specific name: longicauda: long-tailed, referring to the long spurs
Habitat: Montane grassland; often a pioneer along road sides and other areas, which have been disturbed before.
Altitude range: (metres) 1550 - 2370 m
Flowering time:Jan - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 49. As Satyrium longicauda longicauda

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 70.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 85.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 212.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 98.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 35, plate 55

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.

Other sources of information about Satyrium longicauda:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Satyrium longicauda
Flora of Mozambique: Satyrium longicauda

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Satyrium longicauda
African Plant Database: Satyrium longicauda
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Satyrium longicauda
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Satyrium longicauda
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Satyrium longicauda
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Satyrium longicauda
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Satyrium longicauda
JSTOR Plant Science: Satyrium longicauda
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Satyrium longicauda
Plants of the World Online: Satyrium longicauda
Tropicos: Satyrium longicauda
Wikipedia: Satyrium longicauda

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Satyrium longicauda., retrieved 20 May 2024

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