Satyrium volkensii Schltr.

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Satyrium volkensii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr summit of Rukotso

Satyrium volkensii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr summit of Rukotso

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Synonyms: Satyrium brachypetalum sensu. Kraenzlin p.p., non A. Rich.
Satyrium dizygoceras Summerh.
Satyrium leptopetalum Kraenzl.
Satyrium trachypetalum Kraenzl.
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb 45–85 cm tall, growing from an ellipsoid, woolly tuber, up to 5 cm long. Leaves 3-4 on a separate sterile shoot; lowermost 1–2 sheathing; upper ones lanceolate or elliptic, up to 18 cm long. Flowering stem with 7–13 sheathing leaves up to 10 cm long. Inflorescence narrowly cylindrical, 10–40 cm long, fairly densely many-flowered. Flowers green or yellow-green, sometimes tinged with brown; scented; bracts up to 35 mm long at base of inflorescence, reflexed. Sepals and petals curled under. Median sepal oblanceolate, 3.5–5 mm long, rounded at apex; lateral sepals slightly longer and about twice as wide, oblique. Petals similar to median sepal. Lip ellipsoid, 4.5–5.5 mm long, hooded, reflexed at the apex, fleshy with a narrow mouth. Spurs 14–22 mm long, slender, pendent, sometimes with 2 extra rudimentary spurs less than 1 mm long below them.
Derivation of specific name: volkensii: after G. Volkens who collected on Mt Kilimanjaro 1892, 1893 and 1894
Habitat: In woodland, grassland with scattered shrubs, montane grassland and at margins of dambos.
Altitude range: (metres) 1200 - 2400 m
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Nigeria, Cameroon, DRC, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 335.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 70.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 86.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 216.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 146. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 98.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 124.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 159.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1953). African Orchids: XXII Kew Bulletin 8(4) Pages 577 - 578.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 95 - 96. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Satyrium volkensii:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Satyrium volkensii
Flora of Malawi: Satyrium volkensii
Flora of Mozambique: Satyrium volkensii
Flora of Zambia: Satyrium volkensii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Satyrium volkensii
African Plant Database: Satyrium volkensii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Satyrium volkensii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Satyrium volkensii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Satyrium volkensii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Satyrium volkensii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Satyrium volkensii
JSTOR Plant Science: Satyrium volkensii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Satyrium volkensii
Plants of the World Online: Satyrium volkensii
Tropicos: Satyrium volkensii
Wikipedia: Satyrium volkensii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Satyrium volkensii., retrieved 29 May 2024

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