Bulbophyllum encephalodes Summerh.

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Epiphytic herb with a stout creeping woody rhizome, 2–3.5 mm in diameter. Pseudobulbs 1.5–8 cm apart on the rhizome, ovoid or ellipsoid, 1.5–3.5 cm long, 4-angled, green with brown streaks between the angles. Leaf 1, erect, fleshy, lanceolate or oblong, 3–14.5 cm long, emar­ginate at the apex; petiole distinct, up to 6 mm long. Inflorescence 13–43 cm long, many-flowered; peduncle to 32 cm long, rather wiry; rhachis up to 11 cm long, slightly swollen and flattened, distinct­ly nodding so that it forms an angle with the peduncle. Flowers fleshy, green with purple stripes, lip purple-black, or whitish with purple marks. Dorsal sepal ovate, 4–6 mm long, not recurved; lateral sepals similar but pointed. Petals oblong, 2–3 mm long. Lip 2–3 mm long, very fleshy, with large, irregular warts towards the apex on both surfaces.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Evergreen forest and high rainfall Brachystegia woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1150 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Cameroon, DRC, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 70 - 71. (Includes a picture).

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 79.

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 49.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 308 - 310. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Pages 43 - 44. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 198 - 200. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I.F. & La Croix T.M. (1983). Orchids of Bvumbwe The Society of Malawi Journal 36(2) Page 16.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 94.

Morris, B. (1970). Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi The Society of Malawi Pages 44 - 45.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 118.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 29 - 30. (Includes a picture).

Vermeulen, J.J. (1987). A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Orchid Monographs Volume 2 E.J. Brill, Leiden-New York-Kopnhavn-Koln Pages 151 - 152. (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 139 - 140. (Includes a picture).


Other sources of information about Bulbophyllum encephalodes:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Bulbophyllum encephalodes
Flora of Zambia: Bulbophyllum encephalodes

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bulbophyllum encephalodes
African Plant Database: Bulbophyllum encephalodes
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bulbophyllum encephalodes
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bulbophyllum encephalodes
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Bulbophyllum encephalodes
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Bulbophyllum encephalodes
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bulbophyllum encephalodes
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Bulbophyllum encephalodes
iNaturalist: Bulbophyllum encephalodes
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bulbophyllum encephalodes
JSTOR Plant Science: Bulbophyllum encephalodes
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Bulbophyllum encephalodes
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Bulbophyllum encephalodes
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bulbophyllum encephalodes
Plants of the World Online: Bulbophyllum encephalodes
The Plant List (version 1.1): Bulbophyllum encephalodes
Tropicos: Bulbophyllum encephalodes
Wikipedia: Bulbophyllum encephalodes


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Bulbophyllum encephalodes.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118170, retrieved 17 October 2019

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