Bulbophyllum fuscum Lindl.
var. melinostachyum (Schltr.) J.J. Verm.

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Bulbophyllum fuscum var. melinostachyum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Bulbophyllum fuscum var. melinostachyum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Bulbophyllum fuscum var. melinostachyum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Bulbophyllum melinostachyum Schltr.
Bulbophyllum oreonastes auct. non Rchb. f.
Common names:
Status: Native
Epiphytic or lithophytic herb. Pseudobulbs set 1-6 cm apart on a creeping rhizome, ellipsoid, usually somewhat 4-angled. Leaves 2, linear-lanceolate to elliptic, suberect, pale green. Inflorescence erect or arching, 10-many-flowered; rhachis slightly swollen and flattened. Flowers borne in channels on either side of the rhachis, partly enclosed in bracts, yellow-green to orange; lip orange to vermilion.
Notes: This species is often confused with B. oreonastes, which does not occur in Zimbabwe.
Derivation of specific name: fuscum: greyish-brown or dark greyish-brown, fuscous
Habitat: In woodland and riverine forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1350 m
Flowering time:Feb - Mar
Worldwide distribution: West Africa, DRC, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia and south to Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s): Epiphyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 29 July 2007

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 88 - 89. as Bulbophyllum oreonastes (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 11.

Goodier, R. & Phipps, J.B. (1961). A revised checklist of the vascular plants of the Chimanimani Mountains Kirkia 1 Page 53. as Bulbophyllum oreonastes

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 79. as Bulbophyllum oreonastes

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 49.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 306.

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Page 53. as Bulbophyllum oreonastes (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 200 - 201. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 94.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 118.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 132.

Vermeulen, J.J. (1987). A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Orchid Monographs Volume 2 E.J. Brill, Leiden-New York-Kopnhavn-Koln Pages 145 - 148. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 83.

Other sources of information about Bulbophyllum fuscum var. melinostachyum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Bulbophyllum fuscum var. melinostachyum
Flora of Mozambique: Bulbophyllum fuscum var. melinostachyum
Flora of Zambia: Bulbophyllum fuscum var. melinostachyum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bulbophyllum fuscum
African Plant Database: Bulbophyllum fuscum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bulbophyllum fuscum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bulbophyllum fuscum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bulbophyllum fuscum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bulbophyllum fuscum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bulbophyllum fuscum
JSTOR Plant Science: Bulbophyllum fuscum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bulbophyllum fuscum
Plants of the World Online: Bulbophyllum fuscum
Tropicos: Bulbophyllum fuscum
Wikipedia: Bulbophyllum fuscum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Bulbophyllum fuscum var. melinostachyum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118180, retrieved 4 March 2024

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