Bulbophyllum unifoliatum De Wild.
subsp. infracarinatum (G. Will.) J.J. Verm.

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Bulbophyllum unifoliatum subsp. infracarinatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Globe Rock, Vumba

Bulbophyllum unifoliatum subsp. infracarinatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Bulbophyllum unifoliatum subsp. infracarinatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Raphia Pool, Mohohwa River, Corner Chimanimani

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Bulbophyllum carinatum G. Will.
Bulbophyllum infracarinatum G. Will.
Bulbophyllum sp. no. 1 sensu Grosvenor (1976)
Common names:
Status: Native
Pseudobulbs spaced along a creeping rhizome, ellipsoid to narrowly ovoid, 4-angled, yellow-green. Leaf 1 per pseudobulb, leathery, narrowly elliptic, up to 10 cm long. Inflorescence from the base of the pseudobulb; peduncle erect with swollen rhachis bent or arching. Flowers alternate, spaced along the rhachis, small, greenish, heavily blotched with purple.
Derivation of specific name: unifoliatum: with one leaf
Habitat: Mainly found in evergreen and riverine forest at lower altitudes, but also in mist-belt Brachystegia woodland at higher levels.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1500 m
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 29 September 2006

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 74 - 75. as Bulbophyllum sp. no. 1 (Includes a picture).

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 79. as Bulbophyllum sp. no. 1

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 50.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 310.

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Page 41. as Bulbophyllum carinatum

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 201. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 94.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 133.

Vermeulen, J.J. (1987). A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Orchid Monographs Volume 2 E.J. Brill, Leiden-New York-Kopnhavn-Koln Pages 153 - 155. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 84.

Other sources of information about Bulbophyllum unifoliatum subsp. infracarinatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum subsp. infracarinatum
Flora of Mozambique: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum subsp. infracarinatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
African Plant Database: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
Ispot Southern Africa: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
Tropicos: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum subsp. infracarinatum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118260, retrieved 19 July 2019

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