Bulbophyllum unifoliatum De Wild.
subsp. infracarinatum (G. Will.) J.J. Verm.

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Bulbophyllum unifoliatum subsp. infracarinatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Globe Rock, Vumba

Bulbophyllum unifoliatum subsp. infracarinatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Bulbophyllum unifoliatum subsp. infracarinatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Raphia Pool, Mohohwa River, Corner Chimanimani

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Bulbophyllum carinatum G. Will.
Bulbophyllum infracarinatum G. Will.
Bulbophyllum sp. no. 1 sensu Grosvenor (1976); Ball 1978 (Ball 986)
Common names:
Status: Native
Pseudobulbs spaced along a creeping rhizome, ellipsoid to narrowly ovoid, 4-angled, yellow-green. Leaf 1 per pseudobulb, leathery, narrowly elliptic, up to 10 cm long. Inflorescence from the base of the pseudobulb; peduncle erect with swollen rhachis bent or arching. Flowers alternate, spaced along the rhachis, small, greenish, heavily blotched with purple.
Derivation of specific name: unifoliatum: with one leaf
Habitat: Mainly found in evergreen and riverine forest at lower altitudes, but also in mist-belt Brachystegia woodland at higher levels.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1500 m
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 29 September 2006

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 74 - 75. as Bulbophyllum sp. no. 1 (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 11.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 79. as Bulbophyllum sp. no. 1

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 50.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 310.

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Page 41. as Bulbophyllum carinatum

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 201. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 94.

Morris, B. (1970). Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi The Society of Malawi Page 47. as Bulbophyllum unifoliatum

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 133.

Vermeulen, J.J. (1987). A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Orchid Monographs Volume 2 E.J. Brill, Leiden-New York-Kopnhavn-Koln Pages 153 - 155. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 84.

Other sources of information about Bulbophyllum unifoliatum subsp. infracarinatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum subsp. infracarinatum
Flora of Mozambique: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum subsp. infracarinatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
African Plant Database: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
Plants of the World Online: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
Tropicos: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum
Wikipedia: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Bulbophyllum unifoliatum subsp. infracarinatum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118260, retrieved 29 May 2024

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