Diaphananthe rutila (Rchb. f.) Summerh.

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Diaphananthe rutila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Diaphananthe rutila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Rhipidoglossum rutilum (Rchb.f.) Schltr.
Common names:
Status: Native
Pendent epiphyte or rarely lithophyte. Stem up to 40 cm long; roots c. 2 mm in diameter, often lightly attached to the host. Leaves several, up to 12 cm long, linear to oblanceolate, unequally 2-lobed at the apex, olive green, leathery. Inflorescences 1-many, more or less pendent, arising from the stem between the leaves. Flowers from purple-khaki in more exposed situations (see photos) to pale creamy in deeply shaded forest. Dorsal sepal broadly ovate; lateral sepals sickle-shaped, 2-4.5 mm long; petals almost round, 1.5-2.8 mm long. Lip broader than wide, curved down and backwards. Spur 6-11mm slender, incurved.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Occurring in riverine and montane evergreen forest, in high rainfall and mist-belt Brachystegia woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 550 - 1900 m
Flowering time:Mar
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 5 November 2005

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 50.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 424 - 425.

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Pages 72 - 73. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 272. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 84. As Rhipidoglossum rutilum

Other sources of information about Diaphananthe rutila:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Diaphananthe rutila
Flora of Mozambique: Diaphananthe rutila
Flora of Zambia: Diaphananthe rutila

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Diaphananthe rutila
African Plant Database: Diaphananthe rutila
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Diaphananthe rutila
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Diaphananthe rutila
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Diaphananthe rutila
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Diaphananthe rutila
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Diaphananthe rutila
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Diaphananthe rutila
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Diaphananthe rutila
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Diaphananthe rutila
Ispot Southern Africa: Diaphananthe rutila
JSTOR Plant Science: Diaphananthe rutila
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Diaphananthe rutila
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Diaphananthe rutila
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Diaphananthe rutila
The Plant List (version 1.1): Diaphananthe rutila
Tropicos: Diaphananthe rutila

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Diaphananthe rutila.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118820, retrieved 24 June 2019

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