Ypsilopus zimbabweensis Farminhão & P.J.Cribb

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Ypsilopus zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
In cultivation Dave Breakwell.

Ypsilopus zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Upper part of Hill Complex, Great Zimbabwe

Ypsilopus zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Upper part of Hill Complex, Great Zimbabwe

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Synonyms: Rangaeris amaniensis sensu auct.
Common names:
Frequency: Local and rare
Status: Native
Robust epiphyte or lithophyte. One or two inflorescences arise from the axils of upper leaves, each bearing up to 12 near-white flowers with, straight, apricot-coloured spurs, up to 15 cm long. The flowers are sweetly scented at night.
Notes: This newly described species has a very localized distribution, only known from a few locations in the South-Central part of Zimbabwe. These plants were long mistakenly thought to be an isolated population of Rangaeris amaniensis, now Ypsilopus amaniensis. That species is now restricted to East Africa.
Derivation of specific name: zimbabweensis: of Zimbabwe or Great Zimbabwe, the country and specific region where this species is known.
Habitat: In rocky areas in open woodland, favouring Parinari curatellifolia as a host tree.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 1300 m
Flowering time:Dec-Feb
Worldwide distribution: Only known from Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status: Endangered
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 16 February 2012

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 202 - 203. as Rangaeris amaniensis (Includes a picture).

Farminhão, J. & Cribb, P.J. (2023). A new Ypsilopus (Orchidaceae, Angraecinae) from Zimbabwe and notes on the parallel evolution of extreme column exsertion in African angraecoids Plant Ecology and Evolution 156(3) Pages 373 - 382. (Includes a picture).

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 85. as Rangaeris amaniensis

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 52. as Rangaeris amaniensis

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 440 - 442. as Rangaeris amaniensis (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 97. as Rangaeris amaniensis

Other sources of information about Ypsilopus zimbabweensis:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ypsilopus zimbabweensis
African Plant Database: Ypsilopus zimbabweensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ypsilopus zimbabweensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ypsilopus zimbabweensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ypsilopus zimbabweensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ypsilopus zimbabweensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ypsilopus zimbabweensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Ypsilopus zimbabweensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ypsilopus zimbabweensis
Plants of the World Online: Ypsilopus zimbabweensis
Tropicos: Ypsilopus zimbabweensis
Wikipedia: Ypsilopus zimbabweensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ypsilopus zimbabweensis.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118930, retrieved 20 May 2024

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