Tridactyle bicaudata (Lindl.) Schltr.

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Tridactyle bicaudata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Tridactyle bicaudata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cloudlands, Vumba

Tridactyle bicaudata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Tridactyle latifolia sensu Ball non Summerh.
Common names:
Frequency: Common in higher rainfall areas
Status: Native
Robust epiphyte or lithophyte. Stems erect or pendent, up to 80 cm, normally unbranched. Leaves 2-lobed at the apex, variable in size and texture, depending on the habitat and exposure, usually thinly textured and flat in forest specimens, thickly leathery and folded along the length in woodland specimens. Inflorescences several to many, arising along the stem, each with up to 25 flowers. Flowers in two rows, all facing the same direction, buff-coloured, turning orange with age. Lip 3-lobed with the side lobes longer than mid-lobe and distinctly fimbriate at the apices.
Notes: - This species is not particular about its host and has been found growing on unlikely exotic trees, such as Eucalyptus grandis (centre) and Pinus patula (right)
- It is erroneously listed as Endangered, but is actually one of the more common species throughout the Eastern Highlands.
Derivation of specific name: bicaudata: two-tailed, referring to the fimbriate side lobes of the lip
Habitat: In forest and woodland areas.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1850 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 8 January 2007

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 168. See note

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 52.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 451 - 452. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Page 135. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 289. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 142.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.

Other sources of information about Tridactyle bicaudata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Tridactyle bicaudata
Flora of Mozambique: Tridactyle bicaudata
Flora of Zambia: Tridactyle bicaudata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tridactyle bicaudata
African Plant Database: Tridactyle bicaudata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Tridactyle bicaudata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tridactyle bicaudata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tridactyle bicaudata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Tridactyle bicaudata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Tridactyle bicaudata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tridactyle bicaudata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Tridactyle bicaudata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tridactyle bicaudata
Ispot Southern Africa: Tridactyle bicaudata
JSTOR Plant Science: Tridactyle bicaudata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Tridactyle bicaudata
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Tridactyle bicaudata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tridactyle bicaudata
The Plant List (version 1.1): Tridactyle bicaudata
Tropicos: Tridactyle bicaudata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Tridactyle bicaudata., retrieved 17 July 2019

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