Eulophia gonychila Schltr.

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Eulophia gonychila

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Open Brachystegia woodland in rocky outcrops (Lusaka District)

Eulophia gonychila

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Open Brachystegia woodland in rocky outcrops (Lusaka District)

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Synonyms: Lissochilus brunneus Kraenzl.
Lissochilus gonychilus (Schltr.) Schltr.
Common names:
Terrestrial herb 15-40 cm tall; pseudobulbs partly above ground, 2-3 x 2-3.5 cm, conical to almost globose; leaves 3-4, 1-3 x 0.8-2 cm, ovate to oblong-elliptic, obtuse, plicate, absent at flowering time; inflorescence fairly densely up to 30 flowered with 2-3 loose tubular sheaths towards base and 1-2 linear-lanceolate bracts further up; ovary and pedicel 10-14 mm long; flowers pink to pinkish-brown; sepals 11-15 x 4-8 mm, oblanceolate, margins undulate, dorsal sepal erect, lateral sepals recurved; petals 9-11 x 9-11 mm, broadly ovate to orbicular, veined with red on inner surface; lip c. 15 mm long, obscurely 3-lobed with a lacerate membrane in the throat and 1-3 fleshy rugolose ridges in front, mid-lobe 8-9 x 6-7 mm, triangular; spur obscurely conical; column 3-5 mm long, lacking a foot.
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct – Nov
Worldwide distribution: Angola through DRC to Burundi and Tanzania south though Zambia and Malawi to Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Page 482.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 342. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eulophia gonychila:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Eulophia gonychila
Flora of Zambia: Eulophia gonychila

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia gonychila
African Plant Database: Eulophia gonychila
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Eulophia gonychila
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia gonychila
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia gonychila
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eulophia gonychila
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eulophia gonychila
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia gonychila
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Eulophia gonychila
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia gonychila
Ispot Southern Africa: Eulophia gonychila
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia gonychila
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eulophia gonychila
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Eulophia gonychila
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia gonychila
The Plant List (version 1.1): Eulophia gonychila
Tropicos: Eulophia gonychila

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eulophia gonychila., retrieved 20 July 2019

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