Eulophia longisepala Rendle

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Eulophia longisepala

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near carpark, Christon Bank

Eulophia longisepala

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near carpark, Christon Bank

Eulophia longisepala

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near carpark, Christon Bank

Eulophia longisepala

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near carpark, Christon Bank

Eulophia longisepala

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near carpark, Christon Bank

Eulophia longisepala

Photo: Bart Wursten
Tingwa River, near Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eulophia antennata Schltr.
Eulophia bangweolensis Schltr.
Eulophia stolzii Schltr.
Eulophia triceras Schltr.
Common names:
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Terrestrial, semi-saprophytic herb, up to 75 cm tall. Leaves vestigial, 2-4 cm long, linear, purplish, usually absent at flowering time. Inflorescence very lax, 2-10-flowered. Petals and sepals greenish-brown, purple or maroon-red. Sepals erect, linear, 15-40 mm long; petals narrowly elliptic, lying over the column. Lip 3-lobed; side lobes erect, hooded by the petals; mid-lobe deep purple-pink, white with purple spotting on the inside and 3 yellowish, more or less papillate ridges; margin irregularly curled inwards. Spur 2-5 mm, conical or cylindrical, pointing down.
Notes: The flowers vary considerably in colour and length of the sepals, even within one colony.
Derivation of specific name: longisepala: with long sepals
Habitat: In miombo woodland and mixed deciduous woodland, on granite outcrops and rock hillsides, often on sandy soils.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1450 m
Flowering time:Nov - Jan (-Feb)
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Burundi, DRC, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 22 March 2014

Ball, J.S. (2009). Terrestrial African Orchids, A Selected Review. Pages 134 - 135. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 26.

Cribb, P.J. (1989). Orchidaceae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 467 - 468. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 129.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 60.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 81.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 525 - 527. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 325 - 326. (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Pages 380 - 381. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 244 - 245. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 135.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 164 - 165. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 84.

Other sources of information about Eulophia longisepala:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Eulophia longisepala
Flora of Malawi: Eulophia longisepala
Flora of Mozambique: Eulophia longisepala
Flora of Zambia: Eulophia longisepala

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia longisepala
African Plant Database: Eulophia longisepala
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia longisepala
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia longisepala
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia longisepala
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eulophia longisepala
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia longisepala
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia longisepala
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia longisepala
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia longisepala
Tropicos: Eulophia longisepala
Wikipedia: Eulophia longisepala

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eulophia longisepala., retrieved 15 April 2024

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