Orthochilus milnei (Rchb. f.) Bytebier

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Orthochilus milnei

Photo: Gavin Stephens
Besna Kobila, Matobo

Orthochilus milnei

Photo: Gavin Stephens
Besna Kobila, Matobo

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Synonyms: Eulophia corallorhiziformis Schltr.
Eulophia gracillima Ridl.
Eulophia milnei Rchb. f.
Common names:
Status: Native
Slender herb to 50 cm tall. Leaves 2-6, grass-like, narrowly linear, acuminate, absent or just beginning to appear at flowering time. Inflorescence several- to many-flowered; scape almost covered with papery sheaths. Flowers bright yellow, column and spur often tinged with red. Sepals and petals similar; sepals 4-9.5 mm long, oblong-lanceolate; petals 4.2-8 mm long, oblanceolate. Lip 3-lobed; side lobes rounded, mid-lobe oblong-obovate, obtuse or emarginate; callus of 2-3 basal ridges with 3-5 lines of papillae on the mid-lobe. Spur slender, horizontal. Capsule 20 mm long, pendent.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In damp or wet places, such as swampy grassland, moist soils and dambos; also in submontane grassland.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Sierra Leone to the Sudan and southwards to Angola and South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 10 October 2017

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 323.

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 16.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 512 - 514. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 309. (Includes a picture).

Martos, F., Johnson, S.D., Peter, C.I & Bytebier, B. (2014). A molecular phylogeny reveals paraphyly of the large genus Eulophia (Orchidaceae): A case for the reinstatement of Orthochilus Taxon 63(1) Page 19.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 84.

Other sources of information about Orthochilus milnei:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Orthochilus milnei
Flora of Mozambique: Orthochilus milnei
Flora of Zambia: Orthochilus milnei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Orthochilus milnei
African Plant Database: Orthochilus milnei
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Orthochilus milnei
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Orthochilus milnei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Orthochilus milnei
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Orthochilus milnei
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Orthochilus milnei
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Orthochilus milnei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Orthochilus milnei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Orthochilus milnei
Ispot Southern Africa: Orthochilus milnei
JSTOR Plant Science: Orthochilus milnei
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Orthochilus milnei
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Orthochilus milnei
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Orthochilus milnei
The Plant List (version 1.1): Orthochilus milnei
Tropicos: Orthochilus milnei

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Orthochilus milnei.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=119350, retrieved 19 December 2018

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