Orthochilus odontoglossus (Rchb. f.) Bytebier

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Orthochilus odontoglossus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Airedale Rd to Bonda, Nyanga

Orthochilus odontoglossus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Airedale Rd to Bonda, Nyanga

Orthochilus odontoglossus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rusape-Juliasdale rd near Brondesbury Park Hotel

Orthochilus odontoglossus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rusape-Juliasdale rd near Brondesbury Park Hotel

Orthochilus odontoglossus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Penhalonga to Small Bridge Dam

Orthochilus odontoglossus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Freshwater Rd, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eulophia odontoglossa Rchb. f.
Eulophia papillosa (Rolfe) Schltr.
Common names:
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Slender terrestrial herb, up to 1 m. Leaves 2-3, grass-like, up to 28 cm, well developed at the time of flowering. Flowering stem covered in pale brown papery sheaths. Inflorescence open with 20 to 30 flowers. Flowers bright yellow; sepals and petals similar; lip covered in darker orange-brown to purple papillae.
Derivation of specific name: odontoglossa: with a toothed tongue, referring to the dentate margin of the midlobe of the lip.
Habitat: In open seasonally wet grassland and vlei margins, often along roadsides.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2100 m
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Swaziland and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 234 - 235. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 323.

Cribb, P.J. (1989). Orchidaceae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 458 - 459. (Includes a picture).

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 60.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 511 - 512.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 309. (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Pages 392 - 393. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

Martos, F., Johnson, S.D., Peter, C.I & Bytebier, B. (2014). A molecular phylogeny reveals paraphyly of the large genus Eulophia (Orchidaceae): A case for the reinstatement of Orthochilus Taxon 63(1) Page 19.

McMurtry, D., Grobler,L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 334 - 335. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 244 - 245. (Includes a picture).

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 121 - 122. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 136.

Other sources of information about Orthochilus odontoglossus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Orthochilus odontoglossus
Flora of Mozambique: Orthochilus odontoglossus
Flora of Zambia: Orthochilus odontoglossus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Orthochilus odontoglossus
African Plant Database: Orthochilus odontoglossus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Orthochilus odontoglossus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Orthochilus odontoglossus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Orthochilus odontoglossus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Orthochilus odontoglossus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Orthochilus odontoglossus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Orthochilus odontoglossus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Orthochilus odontoglossus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Orthochilus odontoglossus
Ispot Southern Africa: Orthochilus odontoglossus
JSTOR Plant Science: Orthochilus odontoglossus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Orthochilus odontoglossus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Orthochilus odontoglossus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Orthochilus odontoglossus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Orthochilus odontoglossus
Tropicos: Orthochilus odontoglossus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Orthochilus odontoglossus.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=119430, retrieved 17 July 2019

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