Orthochilus rarus (Schltr.) Bytebier

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Orthochilus rarus

Photo: Mark Hyde
Mukuvisi Woodland, by path by Mukuvisi River

Orthochilus rarus

Photo: Mark Hyde
Mukuvisi Woodland, by path by Mukuvisi River

Orthochilus rarus

Photo: Mark Hyde
Mukuvisi Woodland, by path by Mukuvisi River

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eulophia rara Schltr.
Common names:
Status: Native
Slender terrestrial herb to 36 cm tall with irregularly-shaped underground tubers. Leaves 4-5, linear, grass-like, present at flowering time. Inflorescence lax or dense with few to several flowers. Flowers not opening widely, becoming pendent, usually dull mauve to purplish. Lip 3-lobed with 2 lamellae running from near the base to the about the centre of the lobe; spur 1-2 mm long, narrowly cylindric or cylindric-clavate. Fruit pendent.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In deciduous miombo woodland
Altitude range: (metres) 550 - 1700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 20 July 2016

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 325.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 507 - 508.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 311.

Martos, F., Johnson, S.D., Peter, C.I & Bytebier, B. (2014). A molecular phylogeny reveals paraphyly of the large genus Eulophia (Orchidaceae): A case for the reinstatement of Orthochilus Taxon 63(1) Page 20.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 136.


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Other sources of information about Orthochilus rarus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Orthochilus rarus
Flora of Mozambique: Orthochilus rarus
Flora of Zambia: Orthochilus rarus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Orthochilus rarus
African Plant Database: Orthochilus rarus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Orthochilus rarus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Orthochilus rarus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Orthochilus rarus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Orthochilus rarus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Orthochilus rarus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Orthochilus rarus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Orthochilus rarus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Orthochilus rarus
Ispot Southern Africa: Orthochilus rarus
JSTOR Plant Science: Orthochilus rarus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Orthochilus rarus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Orthochilus rarus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Orthochilus rarus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Orthochilus rarus
Tropicos: Orthochilus rarus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Orthochilus rarus.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=119530, retrieved 19 February 2018

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