Morella chimanimaniana Verdc. & Polhill

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Morella chimanimaniana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path to mountain hut on plateateau above Bailey's Folly, Chimanimani National Park.

Morella chimanimaniana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path to mountain hut on plateateau above Bailey's Folly, Chimanimani National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Myrica sp. aff. brevifolia E. Mey. ex C. DC.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Dwarf woody shrub up to c. 40 cm tall with several stems growing from a rhizomatous rootstock. Branches covered with a mixture of long and short hairs and glands. Leaves alternate, oblong-elliptic, 2-4.5 cm long, usually 2-2.5 times as long as broad, hairless or with thin long hairs near the base of the midrib above and the veins beneath, dotted with golden glands; margin markedly toothed; petiole 1-2 mm. Flowers in catkin-like inflorescences, sexes separate on different plants, sometimes on the same plant with a few male flowers at the base of otherwise female catkins or male catkins developing after female catkins on the same branchlet. Male catkins fairly dense 6-12 mm long. female catkins becoming lax when fruits develop, sometimes up to 5 cm long Fruit c. 4 mm in diameter, ovoid.
Notes: Although restricted to the Chimanimani Mts, this species is NOT a quartzite endemic. On the contrary, this species appears to be found only in grassland areas on soils of gravelly schists.
Derivation of specific name: chimanimaniana: of the Chimanimani Mountains.
Habitat: Montane grassland, rocky places or Erica-Brachystegia woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1500 - 2150 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Restricted to the Chimanimani Mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 2 August 2014
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 64. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 39. As Morella brevifolia

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 91. As Myrica chimanimaniana

Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2006). Myricaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 259 - 261. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 96.


Other sources of information about Morella chimanimaniana:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Morella chimanimaniana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Morella chimanimaniana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Morella chimanimaniana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Morella chimanimaniana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Morella chimanimaniana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Morella chimanimaniana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Morella chimanimaniana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Morella chimanimaniana
iNaturalist: Morella chimanimaniana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Morella chimanimaniana
JSTOR Plant Science: Morella chimanimaniana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Morella chimanimaniana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Morella chimanimaniana
Plants of the World Online: Morella chimanimaniana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Morella chimanimaniana
Tropicos: Morella chimanimaniana
Wikipedia: Morella chimanimaniana


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Morella chimanimaniana.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120020, retrieved 25 September 2020

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