Morella chimanimaniana Verdc. & Polhill

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Morella chimanimaniana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path to mountain hut on plateateau above Bailey's Folly, Chimanimani National Park.

Morella chimanimaniana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path to mountain hut on plateateau above Bailey's Folly, Chimanimani National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Myrica sp. aff. brevifolia E. Mey. ex C. DC.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Dwarf woody shrub up to c. 40 cm tall with several stems growing from a rhizomatous rootstock. Branches covered with a mixture of long and short hairs and glands. Leaves alternate, oblong-elliptic, 2-4.5 cm long, usually 2-2.5 times as long as broad, hairless or with thin long hairs near the base of the midrib above and the veins beneath, dotted with golden glands; margin markedly toothed; petiole 1-2 mm. Flowers in catkin-like inflorescences, sexes separate on different plants, sometimes on the same plant with a few male flowers at the base of otherwise female catkins or male catkins developing after female catkins on the same branchlet. Male catkins fairly dense 6-12 mm long. female catkins becoming lax when fruits develop, sometimes up to 5 cm long Fruit c. 4 mm in diameter, ovoid.
Notes: Although restricted to the Chimanimani Mts, this species is NOT a quartzite endemic. On the contrary, this species appears to be found only in grassland areas on soils of gravelly schists.
Derivation of specific name: chimanimaniana: of the Chimanimani Mountains.
Habitat: Montane grassland, rocky places or Erica-Brachystegia woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1500 - 2150 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Restricted to the Chimanimani Mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 2 August 2014

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 64. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 39. As Morella brevifolia

Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2006). Myricaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 259 - 261. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 96.

Other sources of information about Morella chimanimaniana:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Morella chimanimaniana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Morella chimanimaniana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Morella chimanimaniana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Morella chimanimaniana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Morella chimanimaniana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Morella chimanimaniana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Morella chimanimaniana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Morella chimanimaniana
iNaturalist: Morella chimanimaniana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Morella chimanimaniana
JSTOR Plant Science: Morella chimanimaniana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Morella chimanimaniana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Morella chimanimaniana
Plants of the World Online: Morella chimanimaniana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Morella chimanimaniana
Tropicos: Morella chimanimaniana
Wikipedia: Morella chimanimaniana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Morella chimanimaniana., retrieved 7 July 2020

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